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Teacher insights into the barriers and facilitators of learning in autism

McDougal, E.; Riby, D.M.; Hanley, E.

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Authors

E. McDougal



Abstract

Background: Little is known about the factors impacting on learning for autistic pupils, even though academic outcomes are highly heterogeneous. The aim of the current study was to qualitatively explore factors that are perceived to impact positively (i.e. facilitators) and negatively (i.e. barriers) upon learning for primary school pupils with an Autism Spectrum Disorder diagnosis. Method: Semistructured interviews were conducted with ten teachers currently engaged in teaching autistic pupils, which were analysed using thematic analysis. Results: Three key themes were identified: pupil’s behaviours and abilities (factors related to the child’s behaviour, cognition or personality), academic environment (physical and contextual), and teacher skills and qualities (e.g. training, trust and relationships). Conclusions: A range of factors were therefore identified by teachers, some of which corroborate with existing research, while other findings provide novel insights. Priorities for facilitating learning are discussed, as well as key areas for future investigation and potential intervention.

Citation

McDougal, E., Riby, D., & Hanley, E. (2020). Teacher insights into the barriers and facilitators of learning in autism. Research in Autism Spectrum Disorders, 79, Article 101674. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.rasd.2020.101674

Journal Article Type Article
Acceptance Date Sep 21, 2020
Online Publication Date Oct 20, 2020
Publication Date 2020-11
Deposit Date Sep 21, 2020
Publicly Available Date Oct 28, 2020
Journal Research in Autism Spectrum Disorders
Print ISSN 1750-9467
Publisher Elsevier
Peer Reviewed Peer Reviewed
Volume 79
Article Number 101674
DOI https://doi.org/10.1016/j.rasd.2020.101674

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