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MTV proteins unveil ER- and microtubule-associated compartments in the plant vacuolar trafficking pathway

Delgadillo, María Otilia; Ruano, Guillermo; Zouhar, Jan; Sauer, Michael; Shen, Jinbo; Lazarova, Aleksandra; Sanmartín, Maite; Lai, Louis Tung Faat; Deng, Cesi; Wang, Pengwei; Hussey, Patrick J.; Sánchez-Serrano, José Juan; Jiang, Liwen; Rojo, Enrique

MTV proteins unveil ER- and microtubule-associated compartments in the plant vacuolar trafficking pathway Thumbnail


María Otilia Delgadillo

Guillermo Ruano

Jan Zouhar

Michael Sauer

Jinbo Shen

Aleksandra Lazarova

Maite Sanmartín

Louis Tung Faat Lai

Cesi Deng

Pengwei Wang

José Juan Sánchez-Serrano

Liwen Jiang

Enrique Rojo


The factors and mechanisms involved in vacuolar transport in plants, and in particular those directing vesicles to their target endomembrane compartment, remain largely unknown. To identify components of the vacuolar trafficking machinery, we searched for Arabidopsis modified transport to the vacuole (mtv) mutants that abnormally secrete the synthetic vacuolar cargo VAC2. We report here on the identification of 17 mtv mutations, corresponding to mutant alleles of MTV2/VSR4, MTV3/PTEN2A MTV7/EREL1, MTV8/ARFC1, MTV9/PUF2, MTV10/VPS3, MTV11/VPS15, MTV12/GRV2, MTV14/GFS10, MTV15/BET11, MTV16/VPS51, MTV17/VPS54, and MTV18/VSR1. Eight of the MTV proteins localize at the interface between the trans-Golgi network (TGN) and the multivesicular bodies (MVBs), supporting that the trafficking step between these compartments is essential for segregating vacuolar proteins from those destined for secretion. Importantly, the GARP tethering complex subunits MTV16/VPS51 and MTV17/VPS54 were found at endoplasmic reticulum (ER)- and microtubule-associated compartments (EMACs). Moreover, MTV16/VPS51 interacts with the motor domain of kinesins, suggesting that, in addition to tethering vesicles, the GARP complex may regulate the motors that transport them. Our findings unveil a previously uncharacterized compartment of the plant vacuolar trafficking pathway and support a role for microtubules and kinesins in GARP-dependent transport of soluble vacuolar cargo in plants.

Journal Article Type Article
Acceptance Date Mar 17, 2020
Online Publication Date Apr 22, 2020
Publication Date 2020-05
Deposit Date May 11, 2020
Publicly Available Date Oct 22, 2020
Journal Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences
Print ISSN 0027-8424
Electronic ISSN 1091-6490
Publisher National Academy of Sciences
Peer Reviewed Peer Reviewed
Volume 117
Issue 18
Pages 9884-9895
Public URL


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