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Physical modelling to demonstrate the feasibility of screw piles for offshore jacket supported wind energy structures

Davidson, C.; Brown, M.J.; Cerfontaine, B.; Knappett, J.A.; Brennan, A.J.; Al-Baghdadi, T.; Augarde, C.E.; Coombs, W.M.; Wang, L.; Blake, A.; Richards, D.; Ball, J.D.

Physical modelling to demonstrate the feasibility of screw piles for offshore jacket supported wind energy structures Thumbnail


Authors

C. Davidson

M.J. Brown

B. Cerfontaine

J.A. Knappett

A.J. Brennan

T. Al-Baghdadi

L. Wang

A. Blake

D. Richards

J.D. Ball



Abstract

Screw piles potentially offer quieter installation and enhanced axial tensile capacity over straight-shafted driven piles. As such, they have been suggested as a possible foundation solution for offshore jacket supported wind turbines in deeper water. To investigate the feasibility of their use in this setting, centrifuge testing of six model screw piles of different designs was conducted to measure the installation requirements and ultimate axial capacity of the piles in very-dense and medium-dense sand. The screw piles were designed to sustain loads generated by an extreme design scenario using published axial capacity and torque prediction formulae. Single and double-helix designs, including an optimised design, intended to minimise installation requirements, with reduced geometry were installed and tested in-flight. Piles in the medium-dense sand for example had significant installation requirements of up to 18.4MNm (torque) and 28.8MN (vertical force) which were accurately predicted using correlations with cone resistance data (CPT). Existing axial capacity design methods did not perform well for these large-scale screw piles, overestimating compressive and tensile capacities. Revised analytical methods for installation and axial capacity estimates are proposed here based on the centrifuge test results.

Citation

Davidson, C., Brown, M., Cerfontaine, B., Knappett, J., Brennan, A., Al-Baghdadi, T., …Ball, J. (2022). Physical modelling to demonstrate the feasibility of screw piles for offshore jacket supported wind energy structures. Géotechnique, 72(2), 108-126. https://doi.org/10.1680/jgeot.18.p.311

Journal Article Type Article
Acceptance Date Sep 15, 2020
Online Publication Date Sep 23, 2020
Publication Date 2022-02
Deposit Date Sep 21, 2020
Publicly Available Date Sep 23, 2021
Journal Géotechnique
Print ISSN 0016-8505
Electronic ISSN 1751-7656
Publisher ICE Publishing
Peer Reviewed Peer Reviewed
Volume 72
Issue 2
Pages 108-126
DOI https://doi.org/10.1680/jgeot.18.p.311

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