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A high-throughput computational screening of potential adsorbents for a thermal compression CO2 Brayton cycle

Du, Zhenyu; Deng, Shuai; Zhao, Li; Ma, Zhiwei; Bao, Huashan; Zhao, Jie

Authors

Zhenyu Du

Shuai Deng

Li Zhao

Jie Zhao



Abstract

By employing heat rather than mechanical work to compress the working fluid, the thermal compression CO2 Brayton cycle (TC-CBC) has been considered as a promising pathway to the efficient utilization of low-grade thermal energy. However, finding reasonable adsorbents to efficiently realize the thermal compression process via the CO2 adsorption–desorption loop has become a significant challenge to the development of such an innovative system. To solve the dilemma, high-throughput computational screening based on grand canonical Monte Carlo (GCMC) simulations and machine learning (ML) have been conducted to identify promising adsorbents from 1625 metal–organic frameworks (MOFs) for the TC-CBC. Results demonstrate that the thermodynamic efficiency and output per unit mass adsorbent of the system with a low-temperature heat source at 393 K can reach up to 9.34% and 21.84 kJ kg−1, respectively. MOFs with large surface area, pore volume, porosity, and moderate pore size have exhibited high thermodynamic performances. In addition to the low-temperature heat source, a high-temperature heat source is also considered in the analysis. The elevation of the thermodynamic performance is observed to be dependent on the structural properties of MOFs. With a random forest algorithm, a rapid and accurate prediction of thermodynamic performances for the innovative cycle is achieved.

Citation

Du, Z., Deng, S., Zhao, L., Ma, Z., Bao, H., & Zhao, J. (2021). A high-throughput computational screening of potential adsorbents for a thermal compression CO2 Brayton cycle. Sustainable Energy & Fuels, 1415-1428. https://doi.org/10.1039/d0se01538e

Journal Article Type Article
Acceptance Date Jan 27, 2021
Online Publication Date Jan 27, 2021
Publication Date 2021-03
Deposit Date Feb 10, 2021
Journal Sustainable Energy and Fuels
Electronic ISSN 2398-4902
Publisher Royal Society of Chemistry
Peer Reviewed Peer Reviewed
Issue 5
Pages 1415-1428
DOI https://doi.org/10.1039/d0se01538e