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Vanishing of the atomic form factor derivatives in non-spherical structural refinement – a key approximation scrutinized in the case of Hirshfeld atom refinement

Midgley, Laura; Bourhis, Luc J.; Dolomanov, Oleg V.; Grabowsky, Simon; Kleemiss, Florian; Puschmann, Horst; Peyerimhoff, Norbert

Vanishing of the atomic form factor derivatives in non-spherical structural refinement – a key approximation scrutinized in the case of Hirshfeld atom refinement Thumbnail


Authors

Laura Midgley laura.midgley@durham.ac.uk
PGR Student Doctor of Philosophy

Luc J. Bourhis

Oleg V. Dolomanov

Simon Grabowsky

Florian Kleemiss



Abstract

When calculating derivatives of structure factors, there is one particular term (the derivatives of the atomic form factors) that will always be zero in the case of tabulated spherical atomic form factors. What happens if the form factors are non-spherical? The assumption that this particular term is very close to zero is generally made in non-spherical refinements (for example, implementations of Hirshfeld atom refinement or transferable aspherical atom models), unless the form factors are refinable parameters (for example multipole modelling). To evaluate this general approximation for one specific method, a numerical differentiation was implemented within the NoSpherA2 framework to calculate the derivatives of the structure factors in a Hirshfeld atom refinement directly as accurately as possible, thus bypassing the approximation altogether. Comparing wR2 factors and atomic parameters, along with their uncertainties from the approximate and numerically differentiating refinements, it turns out that the impact of this approximation on the final crystallographic model is indeed negligible.

Citation

Midgley, L., Bourhis, L. J., Dolomanov, O. V., Grabowsky, S., Kleemiss, F., Puschmann, H., & Peyerimhoff, N. (2021). Vanishing of the atomic form factor derivatives in non-spherical structural refinement – a key approximation scrutinized in the case of Hirshfeld atom refinement. Acta Crystallographica Section A: Foundations and Advances, 77(6), 519-533. https://doi.org/10.1107/s2053273321009086

Journal Article Type Article
Acceptance Date Sep 2, 2021
Online Publication Date Oct 29, 2021
Publication Date 2021-11
Deposit Date Nov 22, 2021
Publicly Available Date Nov 22, 2021
Journal Acta Crystallographica Section A Foundations and Advances
Publisher International Union of Crystallography
Peer Reviewed Peer Reviewed
Volume 77
Issue 6
Pages 519-533
DOI https://doi.org/10.1107/s2053273321009086

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