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A meta-analysis of the effects of academic interventions on academic achievement and academic anxiety outcomes in elementary school children

Fishstrom, S; Wang, H; Bhat, B; Daniel, J; Dille, J; Capin, P; Vaughn, S

Authors

S Fishstrom

H Wang

B Bhat

J Dille

P Capin

S Vaughn



Abstract

Research has shown that academic anxiety can affect academic performance and emotional well-being. Despite previous research emphasizing the importance of understanding academic anxiety and indicating a strong association between academic performance and academic anxiety, no systematic reviews or meta-analyses have examined the effects of academic interventions on academic and anxiety outcomes. This article reports on a meta-analysis of studies examining academic interventions conducted with elementary students (kindergarten to Grade 6), in which both academic achievement and academic anxiety outcomes were reported. The systematic search yielded 13 studies comprising 1545 participants and revealed statistically significant differences favoring academic treatments over the control for academic achievement outcomes (g = 0.63, k = 11) but no statistically significant benefits for academic anxiety outcomes (g = −0.06, k = 11). The authors caution against drawing strong conclusions due to the heterogeneity in effects and the small number of studies in the extant literature.

Citation

Fishstrom, S., Wang, H., Bhat, B., Daniel, J., Dille, J., Capin, P., & Vaughn, S. (2022). A meta-analysis of the effects of academic interventions on academic achievement and academic anxiety outcomes in elementary school children. Journal of School Psychology, 92, 265-284. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jsp.2022.03.011

Journal Article Type Article
Acceptance Date Mar 25, 2022
Online Publication Date Apr 29, 2022
Publication Date 2022-06
Deposit Date May 3, 2022
Publicly Available Date Apr 30, 2024
Journal Journal of School Psychology
Print ISSN 0022-4405
Publisher Elsevier
Peer Reviewed Peer Reviewed
Volume 92
Pages 265-284
DOI https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jsp.2022.03.011
Public URL https://durham-repository.worktribe.com/output/1209561

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