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Tribological Behavior of Microalloyed Cu50Zr50 Alloy

Younes, A.; De la Flor, S.; Clark, S.J.; Nutter, J.; Birkett, M.; Watson, J.O.; Unthank, M.; Gonzalez, Sergio

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A. Younes

S. De la Flor

J. Nutter

M. Birkett

J.O. Watson

M. Unthank

Sergio Gonzalez


Promoting the martensitic transformation through optimum microalloying with Fe and/or Mn was observed to be an effective method to enhance the wear resistance of the Cu50Zr50 at% shape memory alloy (SMA). Among all the potential microelements and concentrations, partial replacement of Cu by up to 1 at% Fe and Mn is of interest since from density functional-based calculations, large minimization of the stacking fault energy (SFE) of the B2 CuZr phase is predicted. For this reason, an effective martensitic transformation is expected. The largest decrease of the SFE from 0.36 J/m2 to 0.26 J/m2 is achieved with partial replacement of Cu by 0.5 at% Fe. This results in the highest martensitic transformation upon wear testing, especially at highest load (15 N) for which the mass loss is 0.0123 g compared to 0.0177 g for Cu50Zr50 and a specific wear-rate of 5.9 mm3/Nm, compared to 8.5 for mm3/Nm for Cu50Zr50. This agrees with the low coefficient of friction of 0.48 ± 0.05 and low roughness of 0.200 ± 0.013 µm of the Fe-containing alloy compared to that for Cu50Zr50, 0.55 and 0.415 ± 0.026 µm, respectively. All the worn surfaces show the formation of abrasive grooves, being shallowest for the more wear resistant 0.5 at% Fe alloy. The second more wear resistant alloy contains 0.5 at% Mn. Wear mechanisms of abrasion, adhesion, and delamination have been identified.


Younes, A., De la Flor, S., Clark, S., Nutter, J., Birkett, M., Watson, J., …Gonzalez, S. (2022). Tribological Behavior of Microalloyed Cu50Zr50 Alloy. Journal of Tribology, 144(2), Article 021706.

Journal Article Type Article
Acceptance Date Sep 2, 2021
Online Publication Date Nov 9, 2021
Publication Date 2022-02
Deposit Date May 6, 2022
Publicly Available Date May 6, 2022
Journal Journal of Tribology
Print ISSN 0742-4787
Electronic ISSN 1528-8897
Publisher American Society of Mechanical Engineers
Peer Reviewed Peer Reviewed
Volume 144
Issue 2
Article Number 021706


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