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Crowd-sourcing observations of volcanic eruptions during the 2021 Fagradalsfjall and Cumbre Vieja events

Wadsworth, Fabian B.; Llewellin, Edward W.; Farquharson, Jamie I.; Gillies, Janina K.; Loisel, Ariane; Frey, Léon; Ilyinskaya, Evgenia; Thordarson, Thor; Tramontano, Samantha; Lev, Einat; Pankhurst, Matthew J.; Rull, Alejandro Galdeano; Asensio-Ramos, María; Pérez, Nemesio M.; Hernández, Pedro A.; Calvo, David; Solana, M. Carmen; Kueppers, Ulrich; Santabárbara, Alejandro Polo

Crowd-sourcing observations of volcanic eruptions during the 2021 Fagradalsfjall and Cumbre Vieja events Thumbnail


Authors

Jamie I. Farquharson

Janina Gillies janina.gillies@durham.ac.uk
PGR Student Doctor of Philosophy

Ariane Loisel ariane.loisel@durham.ac.uk
PGR Student Doctor of Philosophy

Léon Frey

Evgenia Ilyinskaya

Thor Thordarson

Samantha Tramontano

Einat Lev

Matthew J. Pankhurst

Alejandro Galdeano Rull

María Asensio-Ramos

Nemesio M. Pérez

Pedro A. Hernández

David Calvo

M. Carmen Solana

Ulrich Kueppers

Alejandro Polo Santabárbara



Abstract

The Fagradalsfjall1 and Cumbre Vieja eruptions were spectacular and, in the case of Cumbre Vieja, highly destructive. Over their course, the eruptions waxed and waned, fed lava flows, caused numerous felt earthquakes and explosions, localized from crack-fed fissure eruptions into discrete vents and cones, formed fountains up to hundreds of meters high and, for Cumbre Vieja, sent buoyant plumes of pyroclasts and gas to high altitudes. Importantly, both eruptions were visited by people from all over the world and broadcasted widely. While those visitors included many volcanologists, the majority were tourists and volcano enthusiasts, and included photographers, videographers, artists, content creators, and drone pilots. Just 5 years ago, the use of drones on volcanoes was the preserve of a few researchers only8. Today, drones are a mainstay of the photographer’s or videographer’s arsenal, whether amateur or professional. Thanks to the rapid increase in quality and availability of high-resolution digital photography equipment, and the increasing quality of smartphone cameras, it is possible for the enthusiastic amateur to capture natural phenomena in unprecedented detail. Here, we compare and contrast the Fagradalsfjall and Cumbre Vieja eruptions through the lens of the content creators who have visited these sites, with the aim of assessing the utility of non-specialist content for scientific purposes.

Citation

Wadsworth, F. B., Llewellin, E. W., Farquharson, J. I., Gillies, J. K., Loisel, A., Frey, L., …Santabárbara, A. P. (2022). Crowd-sourcing observations of volcanic eruptions during the 2021 Fagradalsfjall and Cumbre Vieja events. Nature Communications, 13(1), https://doi.org/10.1038/s41467-022-30333-4

Journal Article Type Article
Acceptance Date Apr 13, 2022
Online Publication Date May 13, 2022
Publication Date 2022
Deposit Date Jul 5, 2022
Publicly Available Date Jul 5, 2022
Journal Nature Communications
Publisher Nature Research
Peer Reviewed Peer Reviewed
Volume 13
Issue 1
DOI https://doi.org/10.1038/s41467-022-30333-4
Public URL https://durham-repository.worktribe.com/output/1199077

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Publisher Licence URL
http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/

Copyright Statement
Open Access This article is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License, which permits use, sharing, adaptation, distribution and reproduction in any medium or format, as long as you give appropriate credit to the original author(s) and the source, provide a link to the Creative Commons license, and indicate if changes were made. The images or other third party material in this article are included in the article’s Creative Commons license, unless indicated otherwise in a credit line to the material. If material is not included in the article’s Creative Commons license and your intended use is not permitted by statutory regulation or exceeds the permitted use, you will need to obtain permission directly from the copyright holder. To view a copy of this license, visit http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/.






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