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The Participation Dilemma: A Survey of the Empirical Literature on International Environmental Agreement Ratification

Bellelli, Francesco S.; Aftab, Ashar; Scarpa, Riccardo

Authors

Francesco S. Bellelli



Abstract

Several of the most pressing environmental problems involve transboundary issues and can be solved only through international cooperation. Hence, a successful policy response requires a good understanding of international environmental agreements—the primary tool for international cooperation. What motivates participation in environmental agreements, and how can it be increased? These questions have been addressed in economic research, mostly using game theoretical approaches, in models that predict the optimal emission abatement and participation levels. Our survey focuses on a contiguous body of work: the empirical literature on environmental treaty participation. The scope of this paper is to compile the first detailed survey of the empirical literature on participation in environmental agreements, summarize its findings, and enable better comparison with theoretical predictions.

Citation

Bellelli, F. S., Aftab, A., & Scarpa, R. (2023). The Participation Dilemma: A Survey of the Empirical Literature on International Environmental Agreement Ratification. Review of Environmental Economics and Policy, 17(1), 3-21. https://doi.org/10.1086/722906

Journal Article Type Article
Acceptance Date Oct 10, 2022
Online Publication Date Dec 7, 2022
Publication Date 2023
Deposit Date Nov 21, 2022
Publicly Available Date Dec 8, 2023
Journal Review of Environmental Economics and Policy
Print ISSN 1750-6816
Electronic ISSN 1750-6824
Publisher The University of Chicago Press
Peer Reviewed Peer Reviewed
Volume 17
Issue 1
Pages 3-21
DOI https://doi.org/10.1086/722906
Public URL https://durham-repository.worktribe.com/output/1188574