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Signatures of extended discs and outflows in the circumgalactic medium using the Q0107 quasar triplet

Beckett, Alexander; Morris, Simon L; Fumagalli, Michele; Tejos, Nicolas; Jannuzi, Buell; Cantalupo, Sebastiano

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Michele Fumagalli

Nicolas Tejos

Buell Jannuzi

Sebastiano Cantalupo


We use H I absorption along the lines-of-sight to the Q0107 quasar triplet in order to model potential disc and outflow structures in the circumgalactic medium of intervening galaxies at z ≲ 1, as well as the intergalactic medium on scales of up to a few virial radii. We consider a sample of twelve isolated galaxies in the Q0107 field with position angles and inclinations measured from HST imaging as well as redshifts from our spectroscopic surveys, alongside 27 detected Ly α absorbers within 500 km s−1 of these galaxies. Building on previous work showing increased incidence of absorption close to the projected major and minor axes, we use model rotating discs and bi-conical outflows in attempting to reproduce the observed absorption. Requiring these models to match absorption in multiple lines-of-sight provides additional constraints over single-sightline observations. We identify four possible outflows with velocities ∼100 km s−1, two of which extend to or beyond the virial radius, with a variety of opening angles. Two galaxies have nearby co-rotating absorbers with rotation velocities ≲ vvir, that may probe disc-like structures, and we can rule out a disc/outflow origin for a further ten absorbers. These indicate that outflowing and co-rotating structures can extend to large scales but are either not ubiquitous, or do not always produce detectable Ly α. In some cases, disc models are successful even close to the minor axis of the galaxy, and some of our model outflows exhibit wide opening angles. These results imply that purely geometrical cuts are not sufficient to distinguish between discs and outflows in single line-of-sight studies.


Beckett, A., Morris, S. L., Fumagalli, M., Tejos, N., Jannuzi, B., & Cantalupo, S. (2022). Signatures of extended discs and outflows in the circumgalactic medium using the Q0107 quasar triplet. Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society, 517(1), 1020-1047.

Journal Article Type Article
Acceptance Date Sep 1, 2022
Online Publication Date Oct 8, 2022
Publication Date 2022-11
Deposit Date Jan 9, 2023
Publicly Available Date Jan 9, 2023
Journal Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society
Print ISSN 0035-8711
Electronic ISSN 1365-2966
Publisher Royal Astronomical Society
Peer Reviewed Peer Reviewed
Volume 517
Issue 1
Pages 1020-1047
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Copyright Statement
Published by Oxford University Press on behalf of Royal Astronomical Society. This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative<br /> Commons Attribution License (, which permits unrestricted reuse, distribution, and reproduction in any medium,<br /> provided the original work is properly cited.

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