Skip to main content

Research Repository

Advanced Search

Leveraging Synthetic Subject Invariant EEG Signals for Zero Calibration BCI

Aznan, N.; Atapour-Abarghouei, A.; Bonner, S.; Connolly, J.; Breckon, T.P.

Leveraging Synthetic Subject Invariant EEG Signals for Zero Calibration BCI Thumbnail


N. Aznan

A. Atapour-Abarghouei

S. Bonner

J. Connolly


Recently, substantial progress has been made in the area of Brain-Computer Interface (BCI) using modern machine learning techniques to decode and interpret brain signals. While Electroencephalography (EEG) has provided a non-invasive method of interfacing with a human brain, the acquired data is often heavily subject and session dependent. This makes the seamless incorporation of such data into realworld applications intractable as the subject and session data variance can lead to long and tedious calibration requirements and cross-subject generalisation issues. Focusing on a Steady State Visual Evoked Potential (SSVEP) classification systems, we propose a novel means of generating highly-realistic synthetic EEG data invariant to any subject, session or other environmental conditions. Our approach, entitled the Subject Invariant SSVEP Generative Adversarial Network (SIS-GAN), produces synthetic EEG data from multiple SSVEP classes using a single network. Additionally, by taking advantage of a fixed-weight pre-trained subject classification network, we ensure that our generative model remains agnostic to subject-specific features and thus produces subject-invariant data that can be applied to new previously unseen subjects. Our extensive experimental evaluation demonstrates the efficacy of our synthetic data, leading to superior performance, with improvements of up to 16 percentage points in zero-calibration classification tasks when trained using our subject-invariant synthetic EEG signals.


Aznan, N., Atapour-Abarghouei, A., Bonner, S., Connolly, J., & Breckon, T. (2021). Leveraging Synthetic Subject Invariant EEG Signals for Zero Calibration BCI. .

Conference Name 25th International Conference on Pattern Recognition (ICPR 2020)
Conference Location Milan, Italy
Start Date Jan 10, 2021
End Date Jan 15, 2021
Acceptance Date Oct 11, 2020
Online Publication Date May 5, 2021
Publication Date 2021
Deposit Date Oct 25, 2020
Publicly Available Date Oct 27, 2020
Series ISSN 1051-4651


Accepted Conference Proceeding (796 Kb)

Copyright Statement
© 2021 IEEE. Personal use of this material is permitted. Permission from IEEE must be obtained for all other uses, in any current or future media, including reprinting/republishing this material for advertising or promotional purposes, creating new collective works, for resale or redistribution to servers or lists, or reuse of any copyrighted component of this work in other works.

You might also like

Downloadable Citations