This study of the social patterns of worship in Palmyra (Syria) investigates how aspects of the city’s religious life contributed to the way in which its society was built up and worked. The validity of the model of ‘civic’ vs ‘tribal’ forms of worship (wrongly based upon a sociopolitical model from the Roman period) is reconsidered, and a revised classification of the divine world of Palmyra is proposed and made visible in a detailed analysis of the city’s sanctuaries and cults. In addition, a fresh and methodical re-evaluation of the relevant sources provides new insights into the complexities of both the ritual activities in Palmyra and of the way in which the various groups of worshippers, priests and benefactors served as markers in Palmyrene society.
Kaizer, T. (2002). The Religious Life of Palmyra. A Study of the Social Patterns of Worship in the Roman Period. Franz Steiner Verlag