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Comparing child word associations to adult associative norms: Evidence for child-specific associations with a strong priming effect in 3-year-olds.

Fitzpatrick, Nadine; Floccia, Caroline

Comparing child word associations to adult associative norms: Evidence for child-specific associations with a strong priming effect in 3-year-olds. Thumbnail


Authors

Caroline Floccia



Abstract

Investigating how infants first establish relationships between words is a necessary step towards understanding how an interconnected network of semantic relationships develops in the adult lexical-semantic system. Stimuli selection for these child studies is critical since words must be both familiar and highly imageable. However, there has been a reliance on adult word association norms to inform stimuli selection in English infant studies to date, as no resource currently exists for child-specific word associations. We present three experiments that explore the strength of word-word relationships in 3-year-olds. Experiment 1 collected children's word associations (WA) (N = 150; female = 84, L1 = British English) and compared them to adult associative norms (Moss & Older, 1996; Nelson et al., 2004 (Behavior Research Methods, Instruments, & Computers, 36(3), 402-407)). Experiment 2 replicated WAs from Experiment 1 in an online adaptation of the task (N = 24: 13 female, L1 = British English). Both experiments indicated a high proportion of child-specific WAs not represented in adult norms (Moss & Older, 1996; Nelson et al., 2004 (Behavior Research Methods, Instruments, & Computers, 36(3), 402-407)). Experiment 3 tested noun-noun WAs from these responses in an online semantic priming study (N = 40: 19 female, L1 = British English) and found that association type modulated priming (F(2.57, 100.1) = 13.13, p <. 0001, generalized η = .19). This research presents a resource of child-specific imageable noun-noun word pair stimuli suitable for testing young children in word recognition and semantic priming studies. [Abstract copyright: © 2024. The Author(s).]

Citation

Fitzpatrick, N., & Floccia, C. (2024). Comparing child word associations to adult associative norms: Evidence for child-specific associations with a strong priming effect in 3-year-olds. Behavior Research Methods, https://doi.org/10.3758/s13428-024-02414-3

Journal Article Type Article
Acceptance Date Mar 22, 2024
Online Publication Date Jun 11, 2024
Publication Date Jun 11, 2024
Deposit Date Jul 10, 2024
Publicly Available Date Jul 10, 2024
Journal Behavior Research Methods
Print ISSN 1554-351X
Publisher Psychonomic Society
Peer Reviewed Peer Reviewed
DOI https://doi.org/10.3758/s13428-024-02414-3
Public URL https://durham-repository.worktribe.com/output/2512948

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