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Dyslexia in the twenty-first century: a commentary on the IDA definition of dyslexia.

Elliott, Julian G; Grigorenko, Elena L

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Authors

Elena L Grigorenko



Abstract

In offering a commentary upon the IDA definition, we address its main components in turn. While each is technically accurate, we argue that, when taken together, the definition, or more accurately, the use to which it is often put, becomes problematic. We outline different current conceptions of dyslexia and conclude that the operationalisation of the definition for diagnostic purposes often results in scientifically questionable diagnoses and inadvertently leads to significant educational inequity. We propose a simpler definition that describes the primary difficulty, avoids reference to causal explanation, unexpectedness, and secondary outcomes, and redirects practitioner and policymaker focus to the importance of addressing and meeting the needs of all struggling readers.

Journal Article Type Article
Acceptance Date May 29, 2024
Online Publication Date Jun 15, 2024
Publication Date Jun 15, 2024
Deposit Date Jul 3, 2024
Publicly Available Date Jul 3, 2024
Journal Annals of dyslexia
Print ISSN 0736-9387
Publisher Springer
Peer Reviewed Peer Reviewed
DOI https://doi.org/10.1007/s11881-024-00311-0
Keywords Assessment and diagnosis, Dyslexia definitions, Reading disability, IDA definition
Public URL https://durham-repository.worktribe.com/output/2512757

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