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Is undergraduate debt an impediment to postgraduate enrolment in England?

Wakeling, Paul; Hampden-Thompson, Gillian; Hancock, Sally


Paul Wakeling

Sally Hancock


Changes to undergraduate student funding arrangements in England have prompted concerns that increased indebtedness will deter graduates from postgraduate study. While it is clear that student debt has increased substantially in recent years, international evidence is equivocal on whether such debt is a deterrent to further study and there is hardly any prior research on this topic in the UK context. Using a large-scale survey of 2009 and 2012 graduates from six selective English universities, we investigate the association between undergraduate debt, other graduate characteristics and progression to postgraduate study. We find some association of higher debt levels with lower rates of progression to postgraduate study, although this reduces when controlling for other factors, such as degree-level attainment and subject discipline. Within a multivariate logistic regression model predicting progression to postgraduate study we find that debt is not a statistically significant predictor, although other characteristics are important. This indicates, we suggest, that underlying financial resources, rather than debt per se are critical in enabling access to postgraduate study. We consider the implications of recently-announced loans for postgraduate study in England given these findings.


Wakeling, P., Hampden-Thompson, G., & Hancock, S. (2017). Is undergraduate debt an impediment to postgraduate enrolment in England?. British Educational Research Journal, 43(6), 1149-1167.

Journal Article Type Article
Online Publication Date Oct 16, 2017
Publication Date 2017-12
Deposit Date Sep 1, 2023
Journal British Educational Research Journal
Print ISSN 0141-1926
Publisher Wiley
Peer Reviewed Peer Reviewed
Volume 43
Issue 6
Pages 1149-1167
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