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Pedology as Occupation in the Early Soviet Union

Byford, Andy

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Authors



Contributors

Anton Yasnitsky
Editor

Abstract

Pedology experienced remarkable institutional expansion in the Soviet Union during the 1920s in the context of the Bolsheviks’ efforts to build a new, universal and progressive system of education, healthcare and child welfare. This chapter demonstrates the critical and distinctive, yet so far neglected, role that specifically occupational, as opposed to scientific, mobilization played in the history of Soviet pedology. The roots of pedology as an occupation are to be found before the revolution. The relationship between pedology and defectology during the 1920s was an evolving one and depended on the relative importance of their respective occupational niches. While defectology’s niche was dominant at the start of the decade, pedology’s came to prevail towards its end. The most important aspect of the dismantlement of pedology as an occupation was the denunciation of the policy of streaming and referrals, in which the pedology service had played such an instrumental role.

Citation

Byford, A. (in press). Pedology as Occupation in the Early Soviet Union. In A. Yasnitsky (Ed.), A history of Marxist psychology : the Golden Age of Soviet science (109-127). Routledge. https://doi.org/10.4324/9780429323423-8

Acceptance Date Jun 21, 2020
Online Publication Date Oct 25, 2020
Deposit Date Jun 21, 2020
Publicly Available Date Apr 25, 2022
Publisher Routledge
Pages 109-127
Book Title A history of Marxist psychology : the Golden Age of Soviet science.
DOI https://doi.org/10.4324/9780429323423-8
Public URL https://durham-repository.worktribe.com/output/1651476

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Accepted Book Chapter (936 Kb)
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Copyright Statement
This is an Accepted Manuscript of a book chapter published by Routledge in A history of Marxist psychology : the Golden Age of Soviet science on 25 October 2020, available online: http://www.routledge.com/9780367340094







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