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A Reflection on Three Decades of Development

Tymms, Peter



Tiago Bartholo

Sarah Howie

Elena Kardanova

Mariane Campelo Koslinski

Helen Wildy


This chapter recounts the history and development of the project on which the book is based. In 1992, the acronym PIPS (Performance Indicators in Primary Schools) was created, leading to the development of a research project. PIPS expanded over the years and gained popularity, with millions of students participating and adaptations into multiple languages. Feedback from teachers and the need to predict progress led to the development and refinement of the assessment. It was computerised on CDs and online software was later used for easier distribution. The PIPS project expanded internationally, with projects established in more than half a dozen countries. The aim was always to provide culturally appropriate assessments and feedback to schools and teachers. Quality assurance in the development and implementation of the assessments was ensured through feedback, statistical analysis, and predictive validity. In 2013, the iPIPS project was established to use the assessment in an international study of children starting school. New iPIPS projects were launched in collaboration with academics in various countries, aiming to provide valuable information for policymakers and work directly with schools. The feasibility and implications of comparisons within and between countries were actively debated, considering factors such as age, cultural backgrounds, and adaptation for different contexts.


Tymms, P. (2023). A Reflection on Three Decades of Development. In P. Tymms, T. Bartholo, S. Howie, E. Kardanova, M. Campelo Koslinski, & H. Wildy (Eds.), The First Year at School: An International Perspective (3-24). (1). Springer Verlag.

Acceptance Date Dec 12, 2022
Online Publication Date Jun 27, 2023
Publication Date 2023
Deposit Date Dec 13, 2022
Publicly Available Date Jun 28, 2025
Publisher Springer Verlag
Pages 3-24
Series Title International Perspectives on Early Childhood Education and Development
Series Number 39
Edition 1
Book Title The First Year at School: An International Perspective
ISBN 9783031285882


This file is under embargo until Jun 28, 2025 due to copyright restrictions.

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