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The Soldiers of Odin in Canada: The failure of a transnational ideology

Archambault, Emil; Veilleux-Lepage, Yannick

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Yannick Veilleux-Lepage


Tore Bjørgo

Miroslav Mareš


This chapter examines the ideology and organization of the Soldiers of Odin in Canada, as well as the causes of the separation of the Canadian Soldiers of Odin from the Finnish leadership of the movement in April 2017, along with its aftermath. The chapter demonstrates the existence of a major tension within the group between Canadian ethnonationalism and an ideology of transnational, civilizational struggle, which manifests itself in the choice of tactics and the group’s rhetoric. This ideological division and the subsequent separation between the Canadian and Finnish groups demonstrate the incapacity of the Soldiers of Odin to mobilize on the basis of a transnational connection, rather than indicating a rejection of vigilantism as a method. The final section of the chapter surveys the activities of Soldiers of Odin members after the Canada-Finland separation, and suggests that several members transferred to other far-right groups with more local preoccupations.

Online Publication Date Nov 6, 2019
Publication Date 2019
Deposit Date Nov 26, 2021
Publicly Available Date Nov 26, 2021
Publisher Routledge
Pages 272-285
Series Title Routledge Studies in Fascism and the Far Right
Edition 1st ed.
Book Title Vigilantism against Migrants and Minorities
Chapter Number 17
Public URL


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