This article provides a short tutorial review of how laboratory powder diffraction methods can be used to establish a variety of "non-traditional'' pieces of information about solid state materials-information beyond simple phase identification or structure determination at a specific temperature. The examples show how unique insights into synthetic pathways, reaction mechanisms, reaction kinetics, polymorphism, phase transitions and physical properties can be obtained for a variety of different types of materials.
Evans, J., & Evans, I. (2004). Beyond classical applications of powder diffraction. Chemical Society Reviews, 33(8), 539-547