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The globular cluster kinematics and galaxy dark matter content of NGC 3923

Norris, M.A.; Gebhardt, K.; Sharples, R.M.; Faifer, F.R.; Bridges, T.; Forbes, D.A.; Forte, J.C.; Zepf, S.E.; Beasley, M.A.; Hanes, D.A.; Proctor, R.; Kannappan, S.J.

The globular cluster kinematics and galaxy dark matter content of NGC 3923 Thumbnail


M.A. Norris

K. Gebhardt

F.R. Faifer

T. Bridges

D.A. Forbes

J.C. Forte

S.E. Zepf

M.A. Beasley

D.A. Hanes

R. Proctor

S.J. Kannappan


This paper presents further results from our spectroscopic study of the globular cluster (GC) system of the group elliptical NGC 3923. From observations made with the GMOS instrument on the Gemini South Telescope, an additional 50 GC and ultra-compact dwarf (UCD) candidates have been spectroscopically confirmed as members of the NGC 3923 system. When the recessional velocities of these GCs are combined with the 29 GC velocities reported previously, a total sample of 79 GC/UCD velocities is produced. This sample extends to over 6 arcmin (> 6 Re∼ 30 kpc) from the centre of NGC 3923 and is used to study the dynamics of the GC system and the dark matter content of NGC 3923. It is found that the GC system of NGC 3923 displays no appreciable rotation, and that the projected velocity dispersion is constant with radius within the uncertainties. The velocity dispersion profiles of the integrated light and GC system of NGC 3923 are indistinguishable over the region in which they overlap. We find some evidence that the diffuse light and GCs of NGC 3923 have radially biased orbits within ∼130 arcsec. The application of axisymmetric orbit-based models to the GC and integrated light velocity dispersion profiles demonstrates that a significant increase in the mass-to-light ratio (from M/LV= 8 to 26) at large galactocentric radii is required to explain this observation. We therefore confirm the presence of a dark matter halo in NGC 3923. We find that dark matter comprises 17.5Graphic per cent of the mass within 1 Re, 41.2Graphic per cent within 2 Re and 75.6Graphic per cent within the radius of our last kinematic tracer at 6.9 Re. The total dynamical mass within this radius is found to be Graphic M⊙. In common with other studies of large ellipticals, we find that our derived dynamical mass profile is consistently higher than that derived by X-ray observations, by a factor of around 2.


Norris, M., Gebhardt, K., Sharples, R., Faifer, F., Bridges, T., Forbes, D., …Kannappan, S. (2012). The globular cluster kinematics and galaxy dark matter content of NGC 3923. Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society, 421(2), 1485-1498.

Journal Article Type Article
Publication Date Apr 1, 2012
Deposit Date Apr 11, 2012
Publicly Available Date Aug 22, 2014
Journal Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society
Print ISSN 0035-8711
Electronic ISSN 1365-2966
Publisher Royal Astronomical Society
Peer Reviewed Peer Reviewed
Volume 421
Issue 2
Pages 1485-1498
Keywords Globular clusters: general, Galaxies: general, Galaxies: individual: NGC 3923, Galaxies: kinematics and dynamics.


Published Journal Article (1.5 Mb)

Copyright Statement
This article has been accepted for publication in Monthly notices of the Royal Astronomical Society © 2012 The Authors Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society © 2012 RAS Published by Oxford University Press on behalf of Royal Astronomical Society. All rights reserved.

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