Does Strict Employment Protection Legislation Influence the Rate of Workplace Accidents?
Radulescu, R.; Robson, M.
This paper explores the correlation between employment protection legislation (EPL) and the rate of workplace accidents, using a theoretical model and data for OECD countries. EPL has been rolled back in most OECD countries since the mid-80s. In parallel, there has been a decrease in the number of workplace accidents reported, especially non-fatal ones. We ask the question whether less employment protection could have contributed to the reduction in accident rates, for example by reducing workers’ willingness to report accidents. To investigate, we build a theoretical model, which suggests that the incentives to report workplace accidents are complex and could even result in a negative relationship between EPL and accident reporting. It is possible for example that labour market reforms reduce job security and incentivise behaviours that bring immediate benefits, like accident reporting. The empirical analysis, using a database of 16 OECD countries, supports the view that the dilution of EPL for regular contracts has increased the rate of accident reporting. This result is robust after controlling for a number of other factors, such as the unemployment rate, economic growth, unemployment benefits, trade union density and temporary work.
Radulescu, R., & Robson, M. (2020). Does Strict Employment Protection Legislation Influence the Rate of Workplace Accidents?. Manchester School, 88(1), 91-118. https://doi.org/10.1111/manc.12276
|Journal Article Type||Article|
|Acceptance Date||Apr 1, 2019|
|Online Publication Date||Jul 15, 2019|
|Publication Date||Jan 31, 2020|
|Deposit Date||May 14, 2019|
|Publicly Available Date||Jul 15, 2021|
|Publisher||University of Manchester|
|Peer Reviewed||Peer Reviewed|
Accepted Journal Article
This is the accepted version of the following article: Radulescu,R. & Robson, M. (2019). Does Strict Employment Protection Legislation Influence the Rate of Workplace Accidents? The Manchester School 88(1): 91-118 which has been published in final form at https://doi.org/10.1111/manc.12276. This article may be used for non-commercial purposes in accordance With Wiley Terms and Conditions for self-archiving.
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