Accurate method to determine the systematics due to the peculiar velocities of galaxies in measuring the Hubble constant from gravitational-wave standard sirens
We propose a novel approach to accurately pin down the systematics due to the peculiar velocities of galaxies in measuring the Hubble constant from nearby galaxies in current and future gravitational-wave (GW) standard-siren experiments. Given the precision that future GW standard-siren experiments aim to achieve, the peculiar velocities of nearby galaxies will be a major source of uncertainty. Unlike the conventional backward reconstruction that requires additional redshift-independent distance indicators to recover the peculiar velocity field, we forwardly model the peculiar velocity field by using a high-fidelity mock galaxy catalog built from high-resolution dark-matter-only N-body simulations with a physically motivated subhalo abundance matching technique without introducing any free parameters. Our mock galaxy catalog can impressively well reproduce the observed spectroscopic redshift space distortions in highly nonlinear regimes down to very small scales, which is a robust test of the velocity field of our mock galaxy catalog. Based on this mock galaxy catalog, we accurately, for the first time, derive the peculiar velocity probability distributions for the Sloan Digital Sky Survey (SDSS) main galaxy samples. We find that the systematics induced by the peculiar velocities of SDSS-like galaxies on the measured Hubble constant can be reduced to below 1% (1σ) for GW host galaxies with a Hubble flow redshift just above 0.13, a distance that can be well probed by future GW experiments and galaxy surveys.
He, J. (2019). Accurate method to determine the systematics due to the peculiar velocities of galaxies in measuring the Hubble constant from gravitational-wave standard sirens. Physical Review D, 100(2), Article 023527. https://doi.org/10.1103/physrevd.100.023527
|Journal Article Type||Article|
|Online Publication Date||Jul 19, 2019|
|Publication Date||Jul 15, 2019|
|Deposit Date||Aug 8, 2019|
|Publicly Available Date||Aug 8, 2019|
|Journal||Physical Review D|
|Publisher||American Physical Society|
|Peer Reviewed||Peer Reviewed|
Published Journal Article
Reprinted with permission from the American Physical Society: He, Jian-hua (2019). Accurate method to determine the systematics due to the peculiar velocities of galaxies in measuring the Hubble constant from gravitational-wave standard sirens. Physical Review D 100(2): 023527 © 2019 by the American Physical Society. Readers may view, browse, and/or download material for temporary copying purposes only, provided these uses are for noncommercial personal purposes. Except as provided by law, this material may not be further reproduced, distributed, transmitted, modified, adapted, performed, displayed, published, or sold in whole or part, without prior written permission from the American Physical Society.
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