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Two’s a Crowd: Women Candidates in Concurrent Elections

Ditonto, Tessa; Andersen, David J.

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Most research on evaluations of women candidates considers single elections in isolation. Using two Dynamic Process Tracing experiments, this article examines whether voters alter their evaluations of women candidates, as well as their willingness to learn about and vote for them, based on the presence of other women running simultaneously in concurrent contests. We find a consistent pattern in which female candidates are not adversely affected when they are the only woman on a voter’s ballot, but they are disadvantaged when other women appear on the same party’s ballot in other races. This effect is more prominent for women in lower offices: women running for the House of Representatives are more disadvantaged than women running for higher offices are.

Journal Article Type Article
Online Publication Date Jun 20, 2018
Publication Date 2018
Deposit Date Dec 5, 2019
Publicly Available Date Oct 15, 2021
Journal Journal of Women, Politics & Policy
Print ISSN 1554-477X
Electronic ISSN 1554-4788
Publisher Taylor and Francis Group
Peer Reviewed Peer Reviewed
Volume 39
Issue 3
Pages 257-284
Public URL


Accepted Journal Article (609 Kb)

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Copyright Statement
This is an Accepted Manuscript version of the following article, accepted for publication in Journal of Women, Politics & Policy. Ditonto, Tessa & Andersen, David J. (2018). Two’s a Crowd: Women Candidates in Concurrent Elections. Journal of Women, Politics & Policy 39(3): 257-284.. It is deposited under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial License (, which permits non-commercial re-use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

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