Skip to main content

Research Repository

Advanced Search

Sexual violence as a sexual script in mainstream online pornography

Vera-Gray, Fiona; McGlynn, Clare; Kureshi, Ibad; Butterby, Kate

Sexual violence as a sexual script in mainstream online pornography Thumbnail


Fiona Vera-Gray

Ibad Kureshi


This article examines the ways in which mainstream pornography positions sexual violence as a normative sexual script by analysing the video titles found on the landing pages of the three most popular pornography websites in the United Kingdom. The study draws on the largest research sample of online pornographic content to date and is unique in its focus on the content immediately advertised to a new user. We found that one in eight titles shown to first-time users on the first page of mainstream porn sites describe sexual activity that constitutes sexual violence. Our findings raise serious questions about the extent of criminal material easily and freely available on mainstream pornography websites and the efficacy of current regulatory mechanisms.


Vera-Gray, F., McGlynn, C., Kureshi, I., & Butterby, K. (2021). Sexual violence as a sexual script in mainstream online pornography. The British Journal of Criminology: An International Review of Crime and Society, 61(5), 1243-1260.

Journal Article Type Article
Acceptance Date Mar 15, 2021
Online Publication Date Apr 4, 2021
Publication Date 2021-09
Deposit Date Mar 17, 2021
Publicly Available Date Apr 7, 2021
Journal British Journal of Criminology
Print ISSN 0007-0955
Electronic ISSN 1464-3529
Publisher Oxford University Press
Peer Reviewed Peer Reviewed
Volume 61
Issue 5
Pages 1243-1260


Published Journal Article (Advance online version) (252 Kb)

Publisher Licence URL

Copyright Statement
Advance online version © The Author(s) 2021. Published by Oxford University Press on behalf of the Centre for Crime and Justice Studies (ISTD).
This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (, which permits unrestricted reuse, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

You might also like

Downloadable Citations