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The Cañaveral de León stela (Huelva, Spain). A monumental sculpture in a landscape of settlements and pathways

Rivera Jiménez, Timoteo; García Sanjuán, Leonardo; Díaz-Guardamino, Marta; Donaire Romero, Teodosio; Morales González, Juan Antonio; Lozano Rodríguez, José Antonio; Rogerio Candelera, Miguel Ángel; Bermejo Meléndez, Javier; Aguilera Collado, Elena

The Cañaveral de León stela (Huelva, Spain). A monumental sculpture in a landscape of settlements and pathways Thumbnail


Timoteo Rivera Jiménez

Leonardo García Sanjuán

Teodosio Donaire Romero

Juan Antonio Morales González

José Antonio Lozano Rodríguez

Miguel Ángel Rogerio Candelera

Javier Bermejo Meléndez

Elena Aguilera Collado


A newly discovered prehistoric stela from Cañaveral de León (Huelva, Spain) is studied through a combination of scientific methods, including thin section petrography and lithological contextualisation, various state-of-the-art digital imaging techniques for the analysis of the engraved motifs (3D modelling and Reflectance Transformation Imaging), and detection of pigments on its surface (Principal Components Analysis, HSI-contrast stretch, ferric pigments index and algebraic operations between bands), as well as archaeological surveys aimed at establishing the landscape context the stela was part of. The results reveal this stela is analogous to a larger series of late prehistoric sculptures portraying personages with ‘headdresses’, largely concentrated in the Iberian south-west and often connected to Bronze Age settlements and burial sites. In addition, the Cañaveral de León stela is closely associated to an old pathway that has had a historical prominence in terms of long-distance mobility, connecting various regions of western Spain in a South-North direction.

Journal Article Type Article
Acceptance Date Nov 1, 2021
Online Publication Date Nov 17, 2021
Publication Date 2021-12
Deposit Date Nov 22, 2021
Publicly Available Date Nov 22, 2021
Journal Journal of archaeological science, reports.
Print ISSN 2352-409X
Publisher Elsevier
Peer Reviewed Peer Reviewed
Volume 40
Issue Part A
Article Number 103251
Public URL


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