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The Reshaping Oil and Arms Trade between the United States and GCC: Is the Theory of Complex Interdependence Still Prevailing?

Akkas, Erhan; Altiparmak, Suleyman Orhun

The Reshaping Oil and Arms Trade between the United States and GCC: Is the Theory of Complex Interdependence Still Prevailing? Thumbnail


Authors

Erhan Akkas erhan.akkas@durham.ac.uk
PGR Student Doctor of Philosophy

Suleyman Orhun Altiparmak



Abstract

This paper makes use of interdependence theory to analyse the historical development of the economic relations between the GCC countries and the United States. The focus will be on oil and arms trade between the GCC countries and the United States. The results show that while the military and security dependence of the GCC countries on the United States remains relatively intact, the dependence of the United States on the natural resources of the GCC region has decreased. In light of this, the paper suggests that the historical interdependence between the GCC countries and the United States has recently evolved into a unilateral dependence and that the GCC countries’ natural resources are directed towards Asian countries.

Journal Article Type Article
Acceptance Date Oct 19, 2021
Online Publication Date Nov 15, 2021
Publication Date 2022-11
Deposit Date Feb 4, 2022
Publicly Available Date Jan 18, 2023
Journal Journal of Asian and African Studies
Print ISSN 0021-9096
Electronic ISSN 1745-2538
Publisher SAGE Publications
Peer Reviewed Peer Reviewed
Volume 57
Issue 7
Pages 1430-1445
DOI https://doi.org/10.1177/00219096211058880
Public URL https://durham-repository.worktribe.com/output/1217738

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Publisher Licence URL
http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/

Copyright Statement
This article is distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License (https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/) which permits any use, reproduction and distribution of the work without further permission provided the original work is attributed as specified on the SAGE and Open Access page (https://us.sagepub.com/en-us/nam/open-access-at-sage).





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