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Bakry-Émery curvature on graphs as an eigenvalue problem

Cushing, David; Kamtue, Supanat; Liu, Shiping; Peyerimhoff, Norbert

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David Cushing

Supanat Kamtue
PGR Student Doctor of Philosophy

Shiping Liu


In this paper, we reformulate the Bakry-Émery curvature on a weighted graph in terms of the smallest eigenvalue of a rank one perturbation of the so-called curvature matrix using Schur complement. This new viewpoint allows us to show various curvature function properties in a very conceptual way. We show that the curvature, as a function of the dimension parameter, is analytic, strictly monotone increasing and strictly concave until a certain threshold after which the function is constant. Furthermore, we derive the curvature of the Cartesian product using the crucial observation that the curvature matrix of the product is the direct sum of each component. Our approach of the curvature functions of graphs can be employed to establish analogous results for the curvature functions of weighted Riemannian manifolds. Moreover, as an application, we confirm a conjecture (in a general weighted case) of the fact that the curvature does not decrease under certain graph modifications.


Cushing, D., Kamtue, S., Liu, S., & Peyerimhoff, N. (2022). Bakry-Émery curvature on graphs as an eigenvalue problem. Calculus of Variations and Partial Differential Equations, 61, Article 62.

Journal Article Type Article
Acceptance Date Dec 27, 2022
Online Publication Date Feb 7, 2022
Publication Date 2022
Deposit Date May 16, 2022
Publicly Available Date Feb 7, 2023
Journal Calculus of Variations and Partial Differential Equations
Print ISSN 0944-2669
Electronic ISSN 1432-0835
Publisher Springer
Peer Reviewed Peer Reviewed
Volume 61
Article Number 62


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