Several millimeter Wave (mmWave) bands, which suffer from rain attenuation, were identified in the World Radiocommunication Conference 2019 (WRC-19) for fifth generation (5G) radio networks. In this paper, long-term attenuation is measured over typical building to building radio links in the built environment, which constitute two 36 m links along a direct link and an indirect side link at 25.84 and 77.54 GHz and a 200 m link at 77.125 GHz. The attenuation was also estimated using precipitation data from a high end accurate disdrometer weather station using the drop size distribution and the International Telecommunication Union (ITU) models. The results indicate that attenuation using Mie theory is in agreement with the ITU model for most of the rainfall events; with higher attenuation being measured than predicted when snow grains and raindrops mix. Raindrops with diameter between 0.1 and 4 mm indicate that the dominant raindrops have considerable influence on the measured attenuation, especially at light and moderate rainfall events. The maximum distance factor restriction of 2.5 in ITU-R P.530-17 is shown not to be suitable for short-range fixed links as it excessively underestimates attenuation.
Zahid, O., & Salous, S. (2022). Long‐Term Rain Attenuation Measurement for Short‐Range mmWave Fixed Link Using DSD and ITU‐R Prediction Models. Radio Science, 57(4), https://doi.org/10.1029/2021rs007307