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Identification of floodwater source areas in Nepal using SCIMAP‐Flood

Pearson, C.J.; Reaney, S.M.; Perks, M.T.; Hortobagyi, B.; Rosser, N.J.; Large, A.R.G.

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C.J. Pearson

M.T. Perks

B. Hortobagyi

A.R.G. Large


Practical approaches for managing flooding from fluvial sources are moving away from mitigation solely at the point of impact and towards integrated catchment management. This considers the source areas, flow pathways of floodwaters and the locations and exposure to the risk of communities. For a field site in southern Nepal, we analyse catchment response to a range of simulated rainfall events, which when evaluated collectively can help guide potential flood management solutions. This is achieved through the adoption of SCIMAP-Flood, a decision support framework that works at the catchment-scale to identify critical source areas for floodwaters. The SCIMAP-Flood Fitted inverse modelling approach has been applied to the East Rapti catchment, Nepal. For multiple flood impact locations throughout the catchment, SCIMAP-Flood effectively identifies locations where flood management measures would have the most positive effects on risk reduction. The results show that the spatial targeting of mitigation measures in areas of irrigated and rainfed agriculture and the prevention of deforestation or removal of shrubland would be the most effective approaches. If these actions were in the upper catchment above Hetauda or upstream of Manahari they would have the most effective reduction in the flood peak.


Pearson, C., Reaney, S., Perks, M., Hortobagyi, B., Rosser, N., & Large, A. (2022). Identification of floodwater source areas in Nepal using SCIMAP‐Flood. Journal of Flood Risk Management, 15(4), Article e12840.

Journal Article Type Article
Acceptance Date Jul 12, 2022
Online Publication Date Aug 10, 2022
Publication Date 2022-12
Deposit Date Aug 11, 2022
Publicly Available Date Mar 14, 2023
Journal Journal of Flood Risk Management
Electronic ISSN 1753-318X
Publisher Wiley Open Access
Peer Reviewed Peer Reviewed
Volume 15
Issue 4
Article Number e12840


Published Journal Article (9.3 Mb)

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Copyright Statement
© 2022 The Authors. Journal of Flood Risk Management published by Chartered Institution of Water and Environmental Management and John Wiley & Sons Ltd.

This is an open access article under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits use, distribution and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

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