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Fingerprints of modified gravity on galaxies in voids

Cataldi, Pedro; Pedrosa, Susana; Padilla, Nelson; Landau, Susana; Arnold, Christian; Li, Baojiu

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Pedro Cataldi

Susana Pedrosa

Nelson Padilla

Susana Landau

Christian Arnold


We search for detectable signatures of f(R) gravity and its chameleon screening mechanism in the baryonic and dark matter (DM) properties of simulated void galaxies. The enhancement of the gravitational acceleration can have a meaningful impact on the scaling relations as well as on the halo morphology. The galaxy rotational velocity field (calculated with the velocity of the gas disc and the acceleration fields) deviates from the typical values of the Tully–Fisher Relation in General Relativity (GR). For a given stellar mass, f(R) gravity tends to produce greater maximum velocities. On the other hand, the mass in haloes in f(R) gravity is more concentrated than their counterparts in GR. This trend changes when the concentration is calculated with the dynamical density profile, which takes into account the unscreened outer regions of the halo. Stellar discs interact with the overall potential well in the central regions, modifying the morphology of the screening regions and reshaping them. We find a trend for galaxies with a more dominant stellar disc to deviate further from round screening regions. We find that small haloes are less triaxial and more round in f(R) than their GR counterparts. The difference between halo morphology becomes smaller in f(R) haloes whose inner regions are screened. These results suggest possible observables that could unveil modified gravity effects on galaxies in voids in future cosmological tests of gravity.


Cataldi, P., Pedrosa, S., Padilla, N., Landau, S., Arnold, C., & Li, B. (2022). Fingerprints of modified gravity on galaxies in voids. Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society, 515(4), 5358-5374.

Journal Article Type Article
Acceptance Date Jul 25, 2022
Online Publication Date Jul 29, 2022
Publication Date 2022-10
Deposit Date Sep 16, 2022
Publicly Available Date Sep 16, 2022
Journal Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society
Print ISSN 0035-8711
Electronic ISSN 1365-2966
Publisher Royal Astronomical Society
Peer Reviewed Peer Reviewed
Volume 515
Issue 4
Pages 5358-5374


Published Journal Article (3.5 Mb)

Copyright Statement
This article has been accepted for publication in Monthly notices of the Royal Astronomical Society. ©: 2022 The Author(s). Published by Oxford University Press on behalf of the Royal Astronomical Society. All rights reserved.

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