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Solid–Gas Sorption System for Ammonia Storage and Delivery Driven by Engine Waste Heat for NOx Reduction of Diesel Engine

Wang, Chenjue; Chen, Shi; Jiang, Long; Wang, Yaodong; Bao, Huashan

Solid–Gas Sorption System for Ammonia Storage and Delivery Driven by Engine Waste Heat for NOx Reduction of Diesel Engine Thumbnail


Authors

Shi Chen shi.chen2@durham.ac.uk
PGR Student Doctor of Philosophy

Long Jiang



Abstract

A new design of a sorption-selective catalytic reduction (SCR) system is proposed to improve ammonia storage density and meet the ammonia demand for high NOx conversion efficiency at a relatively lower temperature (<100 °C) compared to urea-SCR systems. The major components are a main unit and a start-up unit that each contain a metal halide ammine as the sorbent. The start-up unit can operate without any external heat source, but spontaneously releases ammonia at the ambient temperature and is only used when the main unit is being warmed up for action. The selection criteria for the metal halide ammine for each unit is discussed. The working pair of SrCl2 as the main ammine and NH4Cl as the start-up ammine is further analyzed as an example to be used in the sorption-SCR system for a diesel engine, the NOx emissions of which were experimentally measured in different operation modes. Based on the experimental data of engine emissions and kinetic models of the chemisorption between ammines and ammonia, the dynamic performance of the sorption system with a total capacity of 180 L sorbent composite in different layouts was investigated and compared. It was found that the achievable desorption conversion degree was lower in smaller reactors and was more sensitive to operating conditions in smaller reactors compared to larger reactors. This suggests that a system using a small reactor layout requires some extra volume to completely meet the required capacity compared to a larger reactor layout. However, because systems with large reactors tend to respond slowly, as they have more thermal mass and take a longer time for preparation, there is a design trade-off required to have optimal performance and balance between the main unit and the start-up unit. In the case studied in this work, a system using three rechargeable reactors with a volume of 60 L each was found to be the preferable layout; it could have about a 90% desorption conversion degree and required around 10 min of warm-up time. Meanwhile, the coupled start-up unit should have a capacity of around 165 mL at least.

Citation

Wang, C., Chen, S., Jiang, L., Wang, Y., & Bao, H. (2022). Solid–Gas Sorption System for Ammonia Storage and Delivery Driven by Engine Waste Heat for NOx Reduction of Diesel Engine. Energies, 15(22), Article 8376. https://doi.org/10.3390/en15228376

Journal Article Type Article
Acceptance Date Nov 6, 2022
Online Publication Date Nov 9, 2022
Publication Date Nov 9, 2022
Deposit Date Nov 19, 2022
Publicly Available Date Sep 12, 2023
Journal Energies
Electronic ISSN 1996-1073
Publisher MDPI
Volume 15
Issue 22
Article Number 8376
DOI https://doi.org/10.3390/en15228376
Keywords sorption; NOx emissions reduction; SCR; ammonia storage; dynamic performance; metal halide ammine
Public URL https://durham-repository.worktribe.com/output/1188617

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