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Spatial and Temporal Patterns in Atmospheric Deposition of Dissolved Organic Carbon

Liptzin, Daniel; Boy, Jens; Campbell, John L.; Clarke, Nicholas; Laclau, Jean‐Paul; Godoy, Roberto; Johnson, Sherri L.; Kaiser, Klaus; Likens, Gene E.; Karlsson, Gunilla Pihl; Markewitz, Daniel; Rogora, Michela; Sebestyen, Stephen D.; Shanley, James B.; Vanguelova, Elena; Verstraeten, Arne; Wilcke, Wolfgang; Worrall, Fred; McDowell, William H.

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Daniel Liptzin

Jens Boy

John L. Campbell

Nicholas Clarke

Jean‐Paul Laclau

Roberto Godoy

Sherri L. Johnson

Klaus Kaiser

Gene E. Likens

Gunilla Pihl Karlsson

Daniel Markewitz

Michela Rogora

Stephen D. Sebestyen

James B. Shanley

Elena Vanguelova

Arne Verstraeten

Wolfgang Wilcke

William H. McDowell


Atmospheric deposition of dissolved organic carbon (DOC) to terrestrial ecosystems is a small, but rarely studied component of the global carbon (C) cycle. Emissions of volatile organic compounds (VOC) and organic particulates are the sources of atmospheric C and deposition represents a major pathway for the removal of organic C from the atmosphere. Here, we evaluate the spatial and temporal patterns of DOC deposition using 70 data sets at least one year in length ranging from 40° south to 66° north latitude. Globally, the median DOC concentration in bulk deposition was 1.7 mg L−1. The DOC concentrations were significantly higher in tropical (<25°) latitudes compared to temperate (>25°) latitudes. DOC deposition was significantly higher in the tropics because of both higher DOC concentrations and precipitation. Using the global median or latitudinal specific DOC concentrations leads to a calculated global deposition of 202 or 295 Tg C yr−1 respectively. Many sites exhibited seasonal variability in DOC concentration. At temperate sites, DOC concentrations were higher during the growing season; at tropical sites, DOC concentrations were higher during the dry season. Thirteen of the thirty-four long-term (>10 years) data sets showed significant declines in DOC concentration over time with the others showing no significant change. Based on the magnitude and timing of the various sources of organic C to the atmosphere, biogenic VOCs likely explain the latitudinal pattern and the seasonal pattern at temperate latitudes while decreases in anthropogenic emissions are the most likely explanation for the declines in DOC concentration.


Liptzin, D., Boy, J., Campbell, J. L., Clarke, N., Laclau, J., Godoy, R., …McDowell, W. H. (2022). Spatial and Temporal Patterns in Atmospheric Deposition of Dissolved Organic Carbon. Global Biogeochemical Cycles, 36(10),

Journal Article Type Article
Acceptance Date Oct 11, 2022
Online Publication Date Oct 17, 2022
Publication Date 2022
Deposit Date Feb 6, 2023
Publicly Available Date Feb 6, 2023
Journal Global Biogeochemical Cycles
Print ISSN 0886-6236
Electronic ISSN 1944-9224
Publisher American Geophysical Union
Peer Reviewed Peer Reviewed
Volume 36
Issue 10


Published Journal Article (1.7 Mb)

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Copyright Statement
This is an open access article under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial License, which permits use, distribution and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited and is not used for commercial purposes.

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