Skip to main content

Research Repository

Advanced Search

Dynamic Modelling and Experimental Validation of a Pneumatic Radial Piston Motor

Grimaldi, Kyle; Najjaran, Ahmad; Ma, Zhiwei; Bao, Huashan; Roskilly, Tony

Dynamic Modelling and Experimental Validation of a Pneumatic Radial Piston Motor Thumbnail


Kyle Grimaldi


A pneumatic radial piston motor is studied in this paper in order to establish a dynamic modelling and simulation method. As a result of using geometric parameters, the piston cylinder volume change was calculated, and the heat transfer equation, thermodynamic energy balance equation, and motion equation were combined in order to create a complete model of the piston cylinder. With the aid of compressed air, several experimental tests were conducted, and the results of rotational speed with varying inlet pressure were fed into the simulation to determine one of the critical unknown parameters, such as the overall friction coefficient of the system. For the studied piston motor, this coefficient was 0.0625 Nm. Computer simulations can be used to adjust design parameters in order to reach a higher rotation speed by using an accurate model. As a result, better efficiency and performance present several opportunities that would not be possible when running experimental tests in a lab. The mathematical model yielded higher rotational speeds of 50 RPM on average, with an increased piston diameter of 1.775 mm; by increasing the diameter of the cylinder to 25.8 mm, it was possible to achieve faster rotational speeds. The performed precise simulation could be used for further motor design and optimisation, and performance estimates under a broader range of operational conditions. Simulations should be conducted on multiple sets of experimental test results to determine the correct đť‘“overall value for each motor. In addition to guiding the design and optimisation of the motor, simulations could also predict its performance under a broader range of operating conditions by utilising effective parameters such as geometrical characteristics, flow conditions, and motion equations.


Grimaldi, K., Najjaran, A., Ma, Z., Bao, H., & Roskilly, T. (2023). Dynamic Modelling and Experimental Validation of a Pneumatic Radial Piston Motor. Energies, 16(4), Article 1954.

Journal Article Type Article
Acceptance Date Feb 14, 2023
Online Publication Date Feb 16, 2023
Publication Date 2023
Deposit Date Jun 5, 2023
Publicly Available Date Jun 5, 2023
Journal Energies
Publisher MDPI
Peer Reviewed Peer Reviewed
Volume 16
Issue 4
Article Number 1954
Public URL


You might also like

Downloadable Citations