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Application of fluidic curtains to turbine rotor tip seal geometries.

MacCalman, James; Hogg, Simon; Ingram, Grant


James MacCalman


Fluidic curtain sealing has recently been shown to offer strong potential especially when a combination of fluidic curtain and a conventional labyrinth seal is used. A series of fundamental dimensionless ratios have been proposed and the design space created by these parameters explored and validated experimentally using a simple annular test rig. The advance described in this paper is to use these design parameters to develop a set of engine realistic designs to demonstrate how a fluidic curtain seal may be realized in a high pressure steam turbine stage. Design tools of increasing fidelity are used to support this exploration; firstly basic ratios in the geometry and their known influence on performance are used to identify candidate geometries. CFD is used to demonstrate that previous performance predictions can be transferred to a realistic tip seal, and that candidate fluidic curtain seal designs are able to provide significant leakage reduction over the baseline seal design.


Oslo, Norway, June 11–15, 2018.

Conference Name ASME Turbo Expo 2018
Conference Location Lillestrøm, Norway
Acceptance Date Feb 28, 2018
Online Publication Date Jun 11, 2018
Publication Date 2018-06
Deposit Date Sep 7, 2018
Publisher American Society of Mechanical Engineers
Series Number 51173
Book Title ASME Turbo Expo 2018: Turbomachinery Technical Conference and Exposition
Volume 8: Microturbines, Turbochargers, and Small Turbomachines; Steam Turbines
Oslo, Norway, June 11–15, 2018
Additional Information Paper No. GT2018-75835