China's HIV/AIDS epidemic today is seen by policy-makers primarily as a biomedical problem. Yet according to many researchers this conceptualization of what causes HIV/AIDS epidemics is restricted, focussing on individual behaviour to the exclusion of the broader economic and social determinants. This paper, therefore, illustrates how considering such determinants, including income and gender inequalities, may complement our understanding of the HIV/AIDS epidemic in China. It does so by using two different examples: the development of commercial sex work and long-distance migration patterns.
Sutherland, D. (2011). Reform, Openness and Public Health: On the Economic and Social Determinants of HIV/AIDS in China. Journal of Contemporary China, 20(68), 117-133. https://doi.org/10.1080/10670564.2011.520851