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Stamping the vaccine passport? Public support for lifting COVID-19 related restrictions for vaccinated citizens in France, Germany, and Sweden

Stoeckel, Florian; Stöckli, Sabrina; Phillips, Joseph; Lyons, Benjamin; Mérola, Vittorio; Barnfield, Matthew; Szewach, Paula; Thompson, Jack; Reifler, Jason

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Authors

Florian Stoeckel

Sabrina Stöckli

Joseph Phillips

Benjamin Lyons

Matthew Barnfield

Paula Szewach

Jack Thompson

Jason Reifler



Abstract

During the COVID-19 pandemic, many countries implemented restrictions to limit the spread of the SARS-CoV-2 virus (e.g. travel restrictions and lockdowns). One path to loosening restrictions is to do so selectively only for vaccinated individuals (e.g. by implementing vaccine passports domestically or as a prerequisite for international travel). Setting different rules based on people’s vaccination status is however a contentious issue among health policy experts, government officials, and the public. Our analysis focuses on the levels and correlates of public support for the lifting of restrictions for the vaccinated in April 2021, i.e. at a time when restrictions were in place and a selective lifting of these restrictions just for the vaccinated was debated in Europe. We use representative quota samples of the populations of France (N = 1,752), Germany (N = 1,759), and Sweden (N = 1,754). We find that a slight plurality support lifting restrictions for the vaccinated in France and Germany but not in Sweden. Vaccine hesitancy emerges as strong predictor of opposition to such a policy. Additionally, individuals who are already vaccinated (in France and Germany) and who are higher in risk-seeking express more support for the lifting of restrictions for the vaccinated. We discuss implications for the debate on vaccine passports.

Citation

Stoeckel, F., Stöckli, S., Phillips, J., Lyons, B., Mérola, V., Barnfield, M., …Reifler, J. (2022). Stamping the vaccine passport? Public support for lifting COVID-19 related restrictions for vaccinated citizens in France, Germany, and Sweden. Vaccine, 40(38), https://doi.org/10.1016/j.vaccine.2022.08.009

Journal Article Type Article
Acceptance Date Aug 5, 2022
Online Publication Date Aug 18, 2022
Publication Date 2022
Deposit Date Sep 13, 2022
Publicly Available Date Sep 13, 2022
Journal Vaccine
Print ISSN 0264-410X
Publisher Elsevier
Peer Reviewed Peer Reviewed
Volume 40
Issue 38
DOI https://doi.org/10.1016/j.vaccine.2022.08.009

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