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Outputs (85)

An Evidence-Based Discussion of Fetal Pain and Stress (2024)
Journal Article
Mohamed, S. H. M., Reissland, N., & Anand, K. J. S. (2024). An Evidence-Based Discussion of Fetal Pain and Stress. Neonatology, https://doi.org/10.1159/000538848

The concept of fetal pain results from procedures conducted without anesthesia in preterm newborns and fetuses, which indicate that it is possible to examine fetal pain based on stress hormone, metabolic, and behavioral changes. Anatomical and physio... Read More about An Evidence-Based Discussion of Fetal Pain and Stress.

The effects of lockdown during the COVID-19 pandemic on fetal movement profiles (2024)
Journal Article
Reissland, N., Ustun, B., & Einbeck, J. (2024). The effects of lockdown during the COVID-19 pandemic on fetal movement profiles. BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth, 24(1), 56. https://doi.org/10.1186/s12884-024-06259-8

Purpose: The current study investigated the direct impact of the COVID-19 lockdown on fetal movements, addressing a critical research gap. While previous research has predominantly examined the effects of lockdown on maternal health and postnatal out... Read More about The effects of lockdown during the COVID-19 pandemic on fetal movement profiles.

(As yet) unsolved questions about amniotic fluid-borne flavours and their perception by the human fetus. Reply to the letter by Dr J. G. Alves in Psychological Science (2023)
Journal Article

We thank Dr Alves for his comments on our paper entitled “Flavor Sensing in Utero and Emerging Behaviors in the Human Fetus” (Ustun et al., 2022). As we acknowledge and Dr Alves highlights, the behavioural responsiveness of the human fetus to chemose... Read More about (As yet) unsolved questions about amniotic fluid-borne flavours and their perception by the human fetus. Reply to the letter by Dr J. G. Alves in Psychological Science.

Chemosensory continuity from prenatal to postnatal life in humans: A systematic review and meta-analysis (2023)
Journal Article

Throughout pregnancy, fetuses are exposed to a range of chemosensory inputs influencing their postnatal behaviors. Such prenatal exposure provides the fetus with continuous sensory information to adapt to the environment they face once born. This stu... Read More about Chemosensory continuity from prenatal to postnatal life in humans: A systematic review and meta-analysis.

Association between Hyperemesis Gravidarum in pregnancy on postnatal ability of infants to attend to a play task with their mother (2023)
Journal Article

Research indicates a higher prevalence of attention deficits in children exposed to HG in utero compared to controls with some claiming that the deficit is due to prenatal effects of malnutrition in HG mothers and others that it is due to maternal me... Read More about Association between Hyperemesis Gravidarum in pregnancy on postnatal ability of infants to attend to a play task with their mother.

Foetal mouth movements: Effects of nicotine (2021)
Journal Article
Froggatt, S., Reissland, N., Covey, J., & Kumardendran, K. (2021). Foetal mouth movements: Effects of nicotine. Acta Paediatrica: Nurturing the Child, 110(11), 3014-3020. https://doi.org/10.1111/apa.16042

Aim: To assess whether fetal mouth movement frequency changes across gestation and whether there are differences between cigarette and e-cigarette exposure conditions in comparison to a non-exposed group of fetuses. Method: Pregnant women underwent 4... Read More about Foetal mouth movements: Effects of nicotine.

Effects of maternal mental health on prenatal movement profiles in twins and singletons (2021)
Journal Article
Reissland, N., Einbeck, J., Wood, R., & Lane, A. (2021). Effects of maternal mental health on prenatal movement profiles in twins and singletons. Acta Paediatrica: Nurturing the Child, 110(9), 2553-2558. https://doi.org/10.1111/apa.15903

Aim: Prenatal experiences, including maternal stress, depression and anxiety, form crucial building blocks affecting the maturation of the fetal central nervous system. Previous research has examined fetal movements without considering effects of mat... Read More about Effects of maternal mental health on prenatal movement profiles in twins and singletons.

Risk Perception of Cigarette and E-cigarette use during Pregnancy: A Qualitative Postpartum Perspective (2021)
Journal Article

Aim: The aim of this exploratory qualitative analysis is to assess the perceptions of risks of cigarette and e-cigarette use during pregnancy. Background: An important public health aim is a reduction of smoking at time of delivery (SATOD) from 10.6%... Read More about Risk Perception of Cigarette and E-cigarette use during Pregnancy: A Qualitative Postpartum Perspective.

The effects of prenatal cigarette and e-cigarette exposure on infant neurobehaviour: A comparison to a control group (2020)
Journal Article

Background: Infant neurobehaviour provides an insight into the development of the central nervous system during infancy, with behavioural abnormalities highlighting a cause for concern. Research has demonstrated that prenatal exposure to cigarettes l... Read More about The effects of prenatal cigarette and e-cigarette exposure on infant neurobehaviour: A comparison to a control group.

Effects of maternal mental health on fetal visual preference for face-like compared to non-face like light stimulation (2020)
Journal Article

The question of whether humans react differentially to face-like versus non face-like light stimulation in the prenatal period has been much discussed, but to date has remained unresolved. In this feasibility study we have come closer to understandin... Read More about Effects of maternal mental health on fetal visual preference for face-like compared to non-face like light stimulation.

Feasibility of a psychoeducational group intervention to improve parental reflective functioning and bonding in pregnancy: A randomised trial (2020)
Journal Article
Cox, H., James, A., Day, C., & Reissland, N. (2021). Feasibility of a psychoeducational group intervention to improve parental reflective functioning and bonding in pregnancy: A randomised trial. Journal of Reproductive and Infant Psychology, 39(5), 499-515. https://doi.org/10.1080/02646838.2020.1786036

Objective: To develop and evaluate Baby CHAT, a single-session psychoeducational intervention for expectant parents. Baby CHAT aims to improve parental reflective functioning (RF) and bonding. Background: The early years of a child’s life, including... Read More about Feasibility of a psychoeducational group intervention to improve parental reflective functioning and bonding in pregnancy: A randomised trial.

Prenatal effects of maternal nutritional stress and mental health on the fetal movement profile (2020)
Journal Article
Reissland, N., Millard, A., Wood, R., Ustun, B., McFaul, C., Froggatt, S., & Einbeck, J. (2020). Prenatal effects of maternal nutritional stress and mental health on the fetal movement profile. Archives of Gynecology and Obstetrics, 302(1), 65-75. https://doi.org/10.1007/s00404-020-05571-w

Purpose: Prenatal sub-optimal nutrition and exposure to maternal stress, anxiety and depression in pregnancy have been linked to increased postnatal morbidity and mortality. Fetal growth is most vulnerable to maternal dietary deficiencies, such as th... Read More about Prenatal effects of maternal nutritional stress and mental health on the fetal movement profile.

Infant neurobehavioural consequences of prenatal cigarette exposure: A systematic review and meta-analysis (2020)
Journal Article
Froggatt, S., Covey, J., & Reissland, N. (2020). Infant neurobehavioural consequences of prenatal cigarette exposure: A systematic review and meta-analysis. Acta Paediatrica: Nurturing the Child, 109(6), 1112-1124. https://doi.org/10.1111/apa.15132

Prenatal exposure to cigarettes leads to alterations in brain development during pregnancy. This has an impact on postnatal psychological and behavioural processes, affecting an infant's neurobehavioural profile with little known about which aspects... Read More about Infant neurobehavioural consequences of prenatal cigarette exposure: A systematic review and meta-analysis.

Comparing a foetus diagnosed with Prader–Willi syndrome with non-affected foetuses during light and sound stimulation using 4D ultrasound (2018)
Journal Article
Reissland, N., Makhmud, A., & Froggatt, S. (2019). Comparing a foetus diagnosed with Prader–Willi syndrome with non-affected foetuses during light and sound stimulation using 4D ultrasound. Acta Paediatrica: Nurturing the Child, 108(2), 375-376. https://doi.org/10.1111/apa.14622

Prader‐Willi syndrome (PWS) is a complex neuro‐genetic disorder with estimated prevalence varying from 1 in 10,000 to 1 in 30,000 with an equal number of males and females affected. A study of the incidence of PWS in France reported thirty‐eight infa... Read More about Comparing a foetus diagnosed with Prader–Willi syndrome with non-affected foetuses during light and sound stimulation using 4D ultrasound.

Individual Differences in Executive Function: The Role of Parental Monitoring as a Moderator (2018)
Journal Article
Sangawi, H., Adams, J., & Reissland, N. (2018). Individual Differences in Executive Function: The Role of Parental Monitoring as a Moderator. Journal of Attention Disorders, 25(3), 364-376. https://doi.org/10.1177/1087054718797420

Objective: Parental monitoring is a factor which affects verbal and nonverbal inhibition components of children’s executive functions.,. Method: 112 sixth-grade Kurdish children (mean age: 11 years 5 months) participated in the study. Children were m... Read More about Individual Differences in Executive Function: The Role of Parental Monitoring as a Moderator.

Goal Directed Behaviours: The Development of Pre-Natal Touch Behaviours (2018)
Book Chapter
Reissland, N., & Austen, J. (2018). Goal Directed Behaviours: The Development of Pre-Natal Touch Behaviours. In D. Corbetta, & M. Santello (Eds.), Reach-to-grasp behavior : brain, behavior, and modelling across the life span (3-17). Routledge. https://doi.org/10.4324/9780429467875-1

Through their general movements in the womb, human fetuses will touch various aspects of their environment. This might include their own bodies, the body of a twin, the uterine wall, and the umbilical cord. Somatosensory responses can be observed as... Read More about Goal Directed Behaviours: The Development of Pre-Natal Touch Behaviours.

Effects of maternal anxiety and depression on fetal neuro-development (2018)
Journal Article
Reissland, N., Froggatt, S., Reames, E., & Girkin, J. (2018). Effects of maternal anxiety and depression on fetal neuro-development. Journal of Affective Disorders, 241, 469-474. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jad.2018.08.047

Background: Fetal development is affected by maternal mental health with research indicating that maternal anxiety and depression are co-morbid; nevertheless differential effects on the fetus have been found. This study examines, prenatally, effects... Read More about Effects of maternal anxiety and depression on fetal neuro-development.

Effects of parental intervention on behavioural and psychological outcomes for Kurdish parents and their children (2018)
Journal Article
Sangawi, H., Adams, J., & Reissland, N. (2018). Effects of parental intervention on behavioural and psychological outcomes for Kurdish parents and their children. Eastern Mediterranean Health Journal, 24(5), 459-468. https://doi.org/10.26719/2018.24.5.459

Background: Parenting interventions are rarely offered in developing countries and there is an urgent need to include low-income countries. Aims: To examine the effectiveness of Systematic Training for Effective Parenting (STEP) among Kurdish parents... Read More about Effects of parental intervention on behavioural and psychological outcomes for Kurdish parents and their children.

Mimicking emotions: how 3–12-month-old infants use the facial expressions and eyes of a model (2017)
Journal Article
Soussignan, R., Dollion, N., Schaal, B., Durand, K., Reissland, N., & Baudouin, J. (2018). Mimicking emotions: how 3–12-month-old infants use the facial expressions and eyes of a model. Cognition and Emotion, 32(4), 827-842. https://doi.org/10.1080/02699931.2017.1359015

While there is an extensive literature on the tendency to mimic emotional expressions in adults, it is unclear how this skill emerges and develops over time. Specifically, it is unclear whether infants mimic discrete emotion-related facial actions, w... Read More about Mimicking emotions: how 3–12-month-old infants use the facial expressions and eyes of a model.

New Insights into Prenatal Stress: Immediate- and Long-Term Effects on the Fetus and Their Timing (2017)
Book Chapter
O’Donnell, K., Reissland, N., & Glover, V. (2017). New Insights into Prenatal Stress: Immediate- and Long-Term Effects on the Fetus and Their Timing. In G. Buonocore, & C. Bellieni (Eds.), Neonatal pain : suffering, pain, and risk of brain damage in the fetus and newborn (75-85). (2nd ed.). Springer Verlag. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-53232-5_8

A burgeoning literature emphasizes the importance of the in utero environment for a range of fetal, neonatal, infant and adult health-related outcomes [1]. This period of prenatal development, characterized by rapid growth and development, is a time... Read More about New Insights into Prenatal Stress: Immediate- and Long-Term Effects on the Fetus and Their Timing.

The Human Fetus Preferentially Engages with Face-like Visual Stimuli (2017)
Journal Article
Reid, V. M., Dunn, K., Young, R. J., Amu, J., Donovan, T., & Reissland, N. (2017). The Human Fetus Preferentially Engages with Face-like Visual Stimuli. Current Biology, 27(12), 1825-1828. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.cub.2017.05.044

In the third trimester of pregnancy, the human fetus has the capacity to process perceptual information [1, 2, 3]. With advances in 4D ultrasound technology, detailed assessment of fetal behavior [4] is now possible. Furthermore, modeling of intraute... Read More about The Human Fetus Preferentially Engages with Face-like Visual Stimuli.

Emotional expressiveness of 5–6 month-old infants born very premature versus full-term at initial exposure to weaning foods (2016)
Journal Article
Longfier, L., Soussignan, R., Reissland, N., Leconte, M., Marret, S., Schaal, B., & Mellier, D. (2016). Emotional expressiveness of 5–6 month-old infants born very premature versus full-term at initial exposure to weaning foods. Appetite, 107, 494-500. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.appet.2016.08.124

Facial expressions of 5–6 month-old infants born preterm and at term were compared while tasting for the first time solid foods (two fruit and two vegetable purées) given by the mother. Videotapes of facial reactions to these foods were objectively c... Read More about Emotional expressiveness of 5–6 month-old infants born very premature versus full-term at initial exposure to weaning foods.

The Impact of Parenting Styles on Children Developmental Outcome: The Role of Academic Self-Concept as a Mediator (2016)
Journal Article
Sangawi, H., Adams, J., & Reissland, N. (2018). The Impact of Parenting Styles on Children Developmental Outcome: The Role of Academic Self-Concept as a Mediator. International Journal of Psychology, 53(5), 379-387. https://doi.org/10.1002/ijop.12380

Although the importance of parenting styles directly influencing child development is well established, fewer studied have examined whether parenting styles also affect children’s behavioural problems indirectly, mediated through children’s academic... Read More about The Impact of Parenting Styles on Children Developmental Outcome: The Role of Academic Self-Concept as a Mediator.

What is ‘successful feeding’ on the neonatal intensive care unit? A psychologist’s perspective (2016)
Journal Article
Reissland, N., Lewis, S., Lal, M., & Patterson, L. (2016). What is ‘successful feeding’ on the neonatal intensive care unit? A psychologist’s perspective. MIDIRS midwifery digest, 26(2), 231-235

This paper discusses studies of feeding preterm infants on the neonatal intensive care unit (NICU) with a view to defining ‘success in feeding’. The term ‘successful feeding’ is used regularly but without any universal consensus of specific parameter... Read More about What is ‘successful feeding’ on the neonatal intensive care unit? A psychologist’s perspective.

Do fetuses move their lips to the sound that they hear? An observational feasibility study on auditory stimulation in the womb (2016)
Journal Article
Reissland, N., Francis, B., Buttanshaw, L., Austen, J., & Reid, V. (2016). Do fetuses move their lips to the sound that they hear? An observational feasibility study on auditory stimulation in the womb. Pilot and Feasibility Studies, 2(1), Article 14. https://doi.org/10.1186/s40814-016-0053-3

Background: We investigate in this feasibility study whether specific lip movements increase prenatally when hearing a particular sound. We hypothesised that fetuses would produce more mouth movements resembling those required to make the sound stimu... Read More about Do fetuses move their lips to the sound that they hear? An observational feasibility study on auditory stimulation in the womb.

The Effects of Parenting Styles on Behavioral Problems in Primary School Children: A Cross-Cultural Review (2015)
Journal Article
Sangawi, S., Adams, J., & Reissland, N. (2015). The Effects of Parenting Styles on Behavioral Problems in Primary School Children: A Cross-Cultural Review. Asian Social Science, 11(22), 171-186. https://doi.org/10.5539/ass.v11n22p171

This review examines the literature regarding the effects of parenting styles on children’s behavioural problems in different cultures. An initial literature search yielded 941 articles. Subsequent screening of titles and abstracts identified 86 pote... Read More about The Effects of Parenting Styles on Behavioral Problems in Primary School Children: A Cross-Cultural Review.

The functional foetal brain: A systematic preview of methodological factors in reporting foetal visual and auditory capacity (2015)
Journal Article
Dunn, K., Reissland, N., & Reid, V. (2015). The functional foetal brain: A systematic preview of methodological factors in reporting foetal visual and auditory capacity. Developmental Cognitive Neuroscience, 13, 43-52. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.dcn.2015.04.002

Due to technological advancements in functional brain imaging, foetal brain responses to visual and auditory stimuli is a growing area of research despite being relatively small with much variation between research laboratories. A number of inconsist... Read More about The functional foetal brain: A systematic preview of methodological factors in reporting foetal visual and auditory capacity.

Parental reminder, recall and educational interventions to improve early childhood immunisation uptake: A systematic review and meta-analysis (2015)
Journal Article
Harvey, H., Reissland, N., & Mason, J. (2015). Parental reminder, recall and educational interventions to improve early childhood immunisation uptake: A systematic review and meta-analysis. Vaccine, 33(25), 2862-2880. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.vaccine.2015.04.085

Vaccination is one of the most effective ways of reducing childhood mortality. Despite global uptake of childhood vaccinations increasing, rates remain sub-optimal, meaning that vaccine-preventable diseases still pose a public health risk. A range of... Read More about Parental reminder, recall and educational interventions to improve early childhood immunisation uptake: A systematic review and meta-analysis.

Ultrasound observations of subtle movements: a pilot study comparing fetuses of smoking and non-smoking mothers (2015)
Journal Article
Reissland, N., Francis, B., Kumarendran, K., & Mason, J. (2015). Ultrasound observations of subtle movements: a pilot study comparing fetuses of smoking and non-smoking mothers. Acta Paediatrica: Nurturing the Child, 104(6), 596-603. https://doi.org/10.1111/apa.13001

Aim: One way to assess fetal health of smokers is to ask mothers to count perceived movements, an unreliable method hiding differences in prenatal development. The aim of this pilot study was to assess subtle fetal movements in ultrasound-scans and e... Read More about Ultrasound observations of subtle movements: a pilot study comparing fetuses of smoking and non-smoking mothers.

What the Fetal Face can tell Us: A Discussion of the Evidence, Implications and Potential for Further Research (2014)
Journal Article
Reissland, N. (2014). What the Fetal Face can tell Us: A Discussion of the Evidence, Implications and Potential for Further Research. Donald School Journal of Ultrasound in Obstetrics and Gynecology, 8(4), 336-343. https://doi.org/10.5005/jp-journals-10009-1373

This paper reviews findings in fetal development research using two-dimensional and four-dimensional ultrasound imaging and how these techniques have been applied to increase understanding of the fetus. The limitations of differences in language and... Read More about What the Fetal Face can tell Us: A Discussion of the Evidence, Implications and Potential for Further Research.

The development of anticipation in the fetus: a longitudinal account of human fetal mouth movements in reaction to and anticipation of touch (2014)
Journal Article
Reissland, N., Francis, B., Aydin, E., Mason, J., & Schaal, B. (2014). The development of anticipation in the fetus: a longitudinal account of human fetal mouth movements in reaction to and anticipation of touch. Developmental Psychobiology, 56(5), 955-963. https://doi.org/10.1002/dev.21172

Background: Research suggests that fetuses open or close their mouth in relation to directed movements (e.g. Myowa-Yamakoshi & Takeshita, 2006) but it is unclear whether mouth opening anticipates the touch or is a reaction to touch, as there has been... Read More about The development of anticipation in the fetus: a longitudinal account of human fetal mouth movements in reaction to and anticipation of touch.

Laterality of foetal self-touch in relation to maternal stress (2014)
Journal Article
Reissland, N., Aydin, E., Francis, B., & Exley, E. (2015). Laterality of foetal self-touch in relation to maternal stress. Laterality, 20(1), 82-94. https://doi.org/10.1080/1357650x.2014.920339

This longitudinal observational study investigated whether foetuses change their hand preference with gestational age, and also examined the effects of maternal stress on lateralized foetal self-touch. Following ethical approval, fifteen healthy foet... Read More about Laterality of foetal self-touch in relation to maternal stress.

Development of prenatal lateralization: evidence from fetal mouth movements (2014)
Journal Article
Reissland, N., Francis, B., Aydin, E., Mason, J., & Exley, K. (2014). Development of prenatal lateralization: evidence from fetal mouth movements. Physiology & Behavior, 131, 160-163. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.physbeh.2014.04.035

Background: Human lateralized behaviors relate to the asymmetric development of the brain. Research of the prenatal origins of laterality is equivocal with some studies suggesting that fetuses exhibit lateralized behavior and other not finding such l... Read More about Development of prenatal lateralization: evidence from fetal mouth movements.

A Q-methodology study of parental understandings of infant immunisation: Implications for health-care advice (2013)
Journal Article
Harvey, H., Good, J., Mason, J., & Reissland, N. (2015). A Q-methodology study of parental understandings of infant immunisation: Implications for health-care advice. Journal of Health Psychology, 20(11), 1451-1462. https://doi.org/10.1177/1359105313513622

This study used Q-methodology to explore systematically parental judgements about infant immunisation. A total of 45 parents completed a 31-statement Q-sort. Data were collected after vaccination in general practitioner practices or a private day nur... Read More about A Q-methodology study of parental understandings of infant immunisation: Implications for health-care advice.

Can Healthy Fetuses Show Facial Expressions of “Pain” or “Distress”? (2013)
Journal Article
Reissland, N., Francis, B., & Mason, J. (2013). Can Healthy Fetuses Show Facial Expressions of “Pain” or “Distress”?. PLoS ONE, 8(6), Article e65530. https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0065530

Background: With advances of research on fetal behavioural development, the question of whether we can identify fetal facial expressions and determine their developmental progression, takes on greater importance. In this study we investigate longitud... Read More about Can Healthy Fetuses Show Facial Expressions of “Pain” or “Distress”?.

Development of Fetal Yawn Compared with Non-Yawn Mouth Openings from 24-36 Weeks Gestation (2012)
Journal Article
Reissland, N., Francis, B., & Mason, J. (2012). Development of Fetal Yawn Compared with Non-Yawn Mouth Openings from 24-36 Weeks Gestation. PLoS ONE, 7(11), Article e50569. https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0050569

Background: Although some research suggests that fetuses yawn, others disagree arguing that is it simple mouth opening. Furthermore there is no developmental account of fetal yawning compared with simple mouth opening. The aim of the present study wa... Read More about Development of Fetal Yawn Compared with Non-Yawn Mouth Openings from 24-36 Weeks Gestation.

Effects of maternal parity, depression and stress on two-month-old infant expression of pain (2012)
Journal Article
Reissland, N., Harvey, H., & Mason., J. (2012). Effects of maternal parity, depression and stress on two-month-old infant expression of pain. Journal of Reproductive and Infant Psychology, 30(4), 363-376. https://doi.org/10.1080/02646838.2012.733361

Objective: This study investigates effects of maternal parity, mental health and frequency of touch on infant distress expressed during routine vaccination, as well as the ability of mothers to assess infant pain. Methods: 50 mothers (19 first-time m... Read More about Effects of maternal parity, depression and stress on two-month-old infant expression of pain.

"Prenatal Mouth Movements: Can We Identify Co-Ordinated Fetal Mouth and LIP Actions Necessary for Feeding?" (2012)
Journal Article
Reissland, N., Mason, C., Schaal, B., & Lincoln, K. (2012). "Prenatal Mouth Movements: Can We Identify Co-Ordinated Fetal Mouth and LIP Actions Necessary for Feeding?". International Journal of Pediatrics, 2012, Article 848596. https://doi.org/10.1155/2012/848596

Observations of prenatal movement patterns of mouth and lips essential for feeding could have the potential for an assessment of the readiness to feed after birth. Although there is some research on sucking per se, we know very little about prenatal... Read More about "Prenatal Mouth Movements: Can We Identify Co-Ordinated Fetal Mouth and LIP Actions Necessary for Feeding?".

Do Facial Expressions Develop before Birth? (2011)
Journal Article
Reissland, N., Francis, B., Mason, J., & Lincoln, K. (2011). Do Facial Expressions Develop before Birth?. PLoS ONE, 6(8), Article e24081. https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0024081

Background: Fetal facial development is essential not only for postnatal bonding between parents and child, but also theoretically for the study of the origins of affect. However, how such movements become coordinated is poorly understood. 4-D ultras... Read More about Do Facial Expressions Develop before Birth?.

Bi-directional effects of depressed mood in the postnatal period on mother–infant non-verbal engagement with picture books (2010)
Journal Article
Reissland, N., & Burt, M. (2010). Bi-directional effects of depressed mood in the postnatal period on mother–infant non-verbal engagement with picture books. Infant Behavior & Development, 33(4), 613-618. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.infbeh.2010.07.013

The purpose of the present study is to examine the bi-directional nature of maternal depressed mood in the postnatal period on maternal and infant non-verbal behaviors while looking at a picture book. Although, it is acknowledged that non-verbal enga... Read More about Bi-directional effects of depressed mood in the postnatal period on mother–infant non-verbal engagement with picture books.

The quality of fetal arm movements as indicators of fetal stress (2010)
Journal Article
Reissland, N., & Francis, B. (2010). The quality of fetal arm movements as indicators of fetal stress. Early Human Development, 86(12), 813-816. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.earlhumdev.2010.09.005

Background Although a number of studies have found that maternal stress affects the fetus, it is unclear whether jerky fetal movements observed on ultrasound scans are indicative of fetal stress, or whether they are part of normal development. Aims T... Read More about The quality of fetal arm movements as indicators of fetal stress.

Maternal stress and depression and the lateralisation of infant cradling (2009)
Journal Article
Reissland, N., Hopkins, B., Helms, P., & Williams, B. (2009). Maternal stress and depression and the lateralisation of infant cradling. Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry, 50(3), 263-269. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1469-7610.2007.01791.x

Background: Studies show that 65–85% of mothers cradle their infants to the left side of their body, but that this bias changes with maternal mood and stress. The present study examines the hypothesis that maternal stress and depression status will i... Read More about Maternal stress and depression and the lateralisation of infant cradling.

The effect of maternal depressed mood on infant emotional reaction in a surprise-eliciting situation (2006)
Journal Article
Reissland, N., & Shepherd, J. (2006). The effect of maternal depressed mood on infant emotional reaction in a surprise-eliciting situation. Infant Mental Health Journal, 27(2), 173-187. https://doi.org/10.1002/imhj.20087

The purpose of this study is to examine the claim that an infant's ability to respond appropriately to an emotional situation varies according to the emotional state of the mother. Surprise expressions in mother and child were examined both in terms... Read More about The effect of maternal depressed mood on infant emotional reaction in a surprise-eliciting situation.

Maternal touch and maternal child-directed speech: effects of depressed mood in the postnatal period (2004)
Journal Article
Herrera, E., Reissland, N., & Shepherd, J. (2004). Maternal touch and maternal child-directed speech: effects of depressed mood in the postnatal period. Journal of Affective Disorders, 81(1), 29-39. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jad.2003.07.001

Background: Postnatal depression affects the emotional state of mothers and the quality of mother–infant interaction. Method: Touch behaviour and content of child-directed speech were analysed for 72 mothers and their infants during pleasurable play.... Read More about Maternal touch and maternal child-directed speech: effects of depressed mood in the postnatal period.

The pitch of maternal voice: a comparison of mothers suffering from depressed mood and non-depressed mothers reading books to their infants (2003)
Journal Article
Reissland, N., Shepherd, J., & Herrera, E. (2003). The pitch of maternal voice: a comparison of mothers suffering from depressed mood and non-depressed mothers reading books to their infants. Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry, 44(2), 255-261. https://doi.org/10.1111/1469-7610.00118

Background: Research suggests that storybook reading promotes language development and that there is a relationship between maternal affective responses in relation to infant affect and language development. The purpose of this study is to relate mat... Read More about The pitch of maternal voice: a comparison of mothers suffering from depressed mood and non-depressed mothers reading books to their infants.

Gaze direction and maternal pitch in surprise-eliciting situations (2002)
Journal Article
Reissland, N., & Shepherd, J. (2002). Gaze direction and maternal pitch in surprise-eliciting situations. Infant Behavior & Development, 24(4), 408-417. https://doi.org/10.1016/s0163-6383%2802%2900085-1

The purpose of this study was to test the hypothesis that not only do babies use emotional signals from adults in order to relate emotions to specific situations (e.g., Campos & Stenberg, 1981) but also that mothers seek out emotional information fro... Read More about Gaze direction and maternal pitch in surprise-eliciting situations.

The melody of surprise: maternal surprise vocalizations during play with her infant (2002)
Journal Article
Reissland, N., Shepherd, J., & Cowie, L. (2002). The melody of surprise: maternal surprise vocalizations during play with her infant. Infant and Child Development, 11(3), 271-278. https://doi.org/10.1002/icd.258

Two groups of mothers and their infants (24 infants, mean age=3.5 months and 24 infants, mean age=5.5 months) were video- and audio-taped in their homes while playing with a Jack-in-the-box. The mean fundamental frequency of spontaneous surprise excl... Read More about The melody of surprise: maternal surprise vocalizations during play with her infant.

The cradling bias in relation to pitch of maternal child-directedlanguage (2000)
Journal Article
Reissland, N. (2000). The cradling bias in relation to pitch of maternal child-directedlanguage. British Journal of Developmental Psychology, 18, 179-186. https://doi.org/10.1348/026151000165634

In research on cradling, the leftward cradling bias has been observed in the context of holding infants ranging in age from birth to 18 months. Mothers' expression of emotion and their control of infant emotion may influence cradling preference (e.g.... Read More about The cradling bias in relation to pitch of maternal child-directedlanguage.

Turn-taking in early vocal interaction: a comparison of premature andterm infants' vocal interaction with their mothers (1999)
Journal Article
Reissland, N., & Stephenson, T. (1999). Turn-taking in early vocal interaction: a comparison of premature andterm infants' vocal interaction with their mothers. Child: Care, Health and Development, 25(6), 447-456

Aims The present study was designed to test the hypothesis that mothers of premature infants compared with mothers of term infants differ in the structure which they impose on the vocal exchanges with their infants. Methods Thirteen mothers and their... Read More about Turn-taking in early vocal interaction: a comparison of premature andterm infants' vocal interaction with their mothers.

Maternal verbal interaction in different situations with infants bornprematurely or at term (1999)
Journal Article
Reissland, N., Shepherd, J., & Stephenson, T. (1999). Maternal verbal interaction in different situations with infants bornprematurely or at term. Infant and Child Development, 8(1), 39-48. https://doi.org/10.1002/%28sici%291522-7219%28199903%298%3A1%3C39%3A%3Aaid-icd189%3E3.0.co%3B2-%23

The present study investigates whether maternal verbal behaviour, in terms of the use of declaratives, interrogatives and imperatives, can be accounted for by gestational age of the infant, or the situation in which mother-infant pairs were observed.... Read More about Maternal verbal interaction in different situations with infants bornprematurely or at term.

The pitch of "real" and "rhetorical" questions directed by a father tohis daughter: A longitudinal case study (1998)
Journal Article
Reissland, N. (1998). The pitch of "real" and "rhetorical" questions directed by a father tohis daughter: A longitudinal case study. Infant Behavior & Development, 21(4), 793-798. https://doi.org/10.1016/s0163-6383%2898%2990046-7

A longitudinal study of a father and his daughter examined pitch-variation of "real" and "rhetorical" questions. Although the father asked "real" and "rhetorical" questions from the start of the recordings, he did not distinguish them through differe... Read More about The pitch of "real" and "rhetorical" questions directed by a father tohis daughter: A longitudinal case study.

Context dependency in parental speech (1998)
Journal Article
Reissland, N. (1998). Context dependency in parental speech. British Journal of Developmental Psychology, 16, 365-373. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.2044-835x.1998.tb00758.x

Twelve children, six girls and six boys, were videotaped at two ages: first at a mean age of 11:16 months, second at a mean age of 15:16 months, with a parent in their home while having a meal with a spoon (non-play situation) and feeding a doll with... Read More about Context dependency in parental speech.

Exploring affect - Demos,EV (1996)
Journal Article
Reissland, N. (1996). Exploring affect - Demos,EV. British Journal of Developmental Psychology, 14, 369-370

Maternal pitch height in ordinary and play situations (1996)
Journal Article
Reissland, N., & Snow, D. (1996). Maternal pitch height in ordinary and play situations. Journal of Child Language, 23(2), 269-278

Ten children at mean ages of o; II.3 and o; I5.3 and their monolingual German-speaking mothers were audio- and videotaped in their homes while having a meal with a spoon (ordinary situation) and while feeding a doll with a spoon (play situation). Sen... Read More about Maternal pitch height in ordinary and play situations.

The Socialisation of Pride in Young Children (1994)
Journal Article
Reissland, N. (1994). The Socialisation of Pride in Young Children. International Journal of Behavioral Development, 17(3), 541-552. https://doi.org/10.1177/016502549401700309

A total of 40 target children, ranging in age from 10 months to 4 years 10 months (mean age 31 months) and their mothers, took part in a study, involving a game of ''feeding fish'' with different sized marbles in order to test the relation between ma... Read More about The Socialisation of Pride in Young Children.

The development of concepts of simultaneity in childrens understanding of emotions. (1985)
Journal Article
Reissland, N. (1985). The development of concepts of simultaneity in childrens understanding of emotions. Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry, 26(5), 811-824. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1469-7610.1985.tb00594.x

The development of children's understanding of simultaneously occurring emotions was investigated. A developmental progression was found in their giving examples of ambivalent situations (e.g. characterised by both happiness and anger); and in their... Read More about The development of concepts of simultaneity in childrens understanding of emotions..

SCHERER DYNAMIC CHEMISTRY OF EMOTIONS (1984)
Journal Article
Jaspars, J., Reissland, N., & Egerton, M. (1984). SCHERER DYNAMIC CHEMISTRY OF EMOTIONS. Cahiers de psychologie cognitive, 4(6), 607-613

Cognitive maturity and the experience of fear and pain in hospital. (1983)
Journal Article
Reissland, N. (1983). Cognitive maturity and the experience of fear and pain in hospital. Social Science & Medicine, 17(18), 1389-1395. https://doi.org/10.1016/0277-9536%2883%2990199-5

Children between 4 years 6 months and 13 years 5 months of age who had been admitted to the St Charles Hospital, London for tonsillectomies were interviewed prior to their operation. It was found that cognitive maturity is an important factor in dete... Read More about Cognitive maturity and the experience of fear and pain in hospital..

Testing fetal abilities: A commentary on studies testing prenatal reactions to light stimulation
Journal Article
Reissland, N., Wood, R., Einbeck, J., & Lane, A. Testing fetal abilities: A commentary on studies testing prenatal reactions to light stimulation. iScience, https://doi.org/10.2139/ssrn.3569540

In utero conditions on fetal neurodevelopment are of current concern. One aspect relates to the question of the effects of maternal mental health and maturity of the fetus on prenatal neurodevelopment. In this feasibility study, we examined the as ye... Read More about Testing fetal abilities: A commentary on studies testing prenatal reactions to light stimulation.