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All Outputs (46)

Diagnosis of multiple sclerosis by detecting asymmetry within the retina using a similarity-based neural network (2024)
Journal Article
Bolton, R. C., Kafieh, R., Ashtari, F., & Atapour-Abarghouei, A. (2024). Diagnosis of multiple sclerosis by detecting asymmetry within the retina using a similarity-based neural network. IEEE Access, 12, 62975-62985. https://doi.org/10.1109/access.2024.3395995

Multiple sclerosis (MS) is a chronic neurological disorder that targets the central nervous system, causing demyelination and neural disruption, which can include retinal nerve damage leading to visual disturbances. The purpose of this study is to de... Read More about Diagnosis of multiple sclerosis by detecting asymmetry within the retina using a similarity-based neural network.

Disentangling Racial Phenotypes: Fine-Grained Control of Race-related Facial Phenotype Characteristics (2024)
Journal Article
Yucer, S., Atapour-Abarghouei, A., Al Moubayed, N., & Breckon, T. P. (2024). Disentangling Racial Phenotypes: Fine-Grained Control of Race-related Facial Phenotype Characteristics. arXiv,

Achieving an effective fine-grained appearance variation over 2D facial images, whilst preserving facial identity, is a challenging task due to the high complexity and entanglement of common 2D facial feature encoding spaces. Despite these challenges... Read More about Disentangling Racial Phenotypes: Fine-Grained Control of Race-related Facial Phenotype Characteristics.

Code Gradients: Towards Automated Traceability of LLM-Generated Code (2024)
Conference Proceeding
North, M., Atapour-Abarghouei, A., & Bencomo, N. (in press). Code Gradients: Towards Automated Traceability of LLM-Generated Code.

Large language models (LLMs) have recently seen huge growth in capability and usage. Within software engineering, LLMs are increasingly being used by developers to generate code. Code generated by an LLM can be seen essentially a continuous mapping f... Read More about Code Gradients: Towards Automated Traceability of LLM-Generated Code.

HINT: High-quality INpainting Transformer with Mask-Aware Encoding and Enhanced Attention (2024)
Journal Article
Chen, S., Atapour-Abarghouei, A., & Shum, H. P. H. (2024). HINT: High-quality INpainting Transformer with Mask-Aware Encoding and Enhanced Attention. IEEE Transactions on Multimedia, 26, 7649-7660. https://doi.org/10.1109/TMM.2024.3369897

Existing image inpainting methods leverage convolution-based downsampling approaches to reduce spatial dimensions. This may result in information loss from corrupted images where the available information is inherently sparse, especially for the scen... Read More about HINT: High-quality INpainting Transformer with Mask-Aware Encoding and Enhanced Attention.

Insights from the Use of Previously Unseen Neural Architecture Search Datasets (2024)
Conference Proceeding
Geada, R., Towers, D., Forshaw, M., Atapour-Abarghouei, A., & Mcgough, A. S. (in press). Insights from the Use of Previously Unseen Neural Architecture Search Datasets.

The boundless possibility of neural networks which can be used to solve a problem-each with different performance leads to a situation where a Deep Learning expert is required to identify the best neural network. This goes against the hope of removin... Read More about Insights from the Use of Previously Unseen Neural Architecture Search Datasets.

Region-based Appearance and Flow Characteristics for Anomaly Detection in Infrared Surveillance Imagery (2023)
Conference Proceeding
Gaus, Y., Bhowmik, N., Issac-Medina, B., Atapour-Abarghouei, A., Shum, H., & Breckon, T. (2023). Region-based Appearance and Flow Characteristics for Anomaly Detection in Infrared Surveillance Imagery. In 2023 IEEE/CVF Conference on Computer Vision and Pattern Recognition Workshops (CVPRW). https://doi.org/10.1109/CVPRW59228.2023.00301

Anomaly detection is a classical problem within automated visual surveillance, namely the determination of the normal from the abnormal when operational data availability is highly biased towards one class (normal) due to both insufficient sample siz... Read More about Region-based Appearance and Flow Characteristics for Anomaly Detection in Infrared Surveillance Imagery.

INCLG: Inpainting for Non-Cleft Lip Generation with a Multi-Task Image Processing Network (2023)
Journal Article
Chen, S., Atapour-Abarghouei, A., Ho, E. S., & Shum, H. P. (2023). INCLG: Inpainting for Non-Cleft Lip Generation with a Multi-Task Image Processing Network. Software impacts, 17, Article 100517. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.simpa.2023.100517

We present a software that predicts non-cleft facial images for patients with cleft lip, thereby facilitating the understanding, awareness and discussion of cleft lip surgeries. To protect patients’ privacy, we design a software framework using image... Read More about INCLG: Inpainting for Non-Cleft Lip Generation with a Multi-Task Image Processing Network.

Predicting the Performance of a Computing System with Deep Networks (2023)
Conference Proceeding
Cengiz, M., Forshaw, M., Atapour-Abarghouei, A., & McGough, A. S. (2023). Predicting the Performance of a Computing System with Deep Networks. In ICPE '23: Proceedings of the 2023 ACM/SPEC International Conference on Performance Engineering (91-98). https://doi.org/10.1145/3578244.3583731

Predicting the performance and energy consumption of computing hardware is critical for many modern applications. This will inform procurement decisions, deployment decisions, and autonomic scaling. Existing approaches to understanding the performanc... Read More about Predicting the Performance of a Computing System with Deep Networks.

Differentiating Glaucomatous Optic Neuropathy from Non-Glaucomatous Optic Neuropathies Using Deep Learning Algorithms (2023)
Journal Article
Vali, M., Mohammadi, M., Zarei, N., Samadi, M., Atapour-Abarghouei, A., Supakontanasan, W., …Fard, M. A. (2023). Differentiating Glaucomatous Optic Neuropathy from Non-Glaucomatous Optic Neuropathies Using Deep Learning Algorithms. American Journal of Ophthalmology, 252, 1-8. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ajo.2023.02.016

Purpose : A deep learning framework to differentiate glaucomatous optic disc changes (GON) from non-glaucomatous optic neuropathy-related disc changes (NGON). Design : Cross-sectional study. Method : A deep-learning system was trained, validated, and... Read More about Differentiating Glaucomatous Optic Neuropathy from Non-Glaucomatous Optic Neuropathies Using Deep Learning Algorithms.

Skin Deep Unlearning: Artefact and Instrument Debiasing in the Context of Melanoma Classification (2022)
Conference Proceeding
Bevan, P., & Atapour-Abarghouei, A. (2022). Skin Deep Unlearning: Artefact and Instrument Debiasing in the Context of Melanoma Classification. In K. Chaudhuri, S. Jegelka, L. Song, C. Szepesvari, G. Niu, & S. Sabato (Eds.), Proceedings of Machine Learning Research (1874-1892)

Convolutional Neural Networks have demonstrated dermatologist-level performance in the classification of melanoma and other skin lesions, but prediction irregularities due to biases seen within the training data are an issue that should be addressed... Read More about Skin Deep Unlearning: Artefact and Instrument Debiasing in the Context of Melanoma Classification.

A Feasibility Study on Image Inpainting for Non-cleft Lip Generation from Patients with Cleft Lip (2022)
Conference Proceeding
Chen, S., Atapour-Abarghouei, A., Kerby, J., Ho, E. S., Sainsbury, D. C., Butterworth, S., & Shum, H. P. (2022). A Feasibility Study on Image Inpainting for Non-cleft Lip Generation from Patients with Cleft Lip. . https://doi.org/10.1109/bhi56158.2022.9926917

A Cleft lip is a congenital abnormality requiring surgical repair by a specialist. The surgeon must have extensive experience and theoretical knowledge to perform surgery, and Artificial Intelligence (AI) method has been proposed to guide surgeons in... Read More about A Feasibility Study on Image Inpainting for Non-cleft Lip Generation from Patients with Cleft Lip.

Detecting Melanoma Fairly: Skin Tone Detection and Debiasing for Skin Lesion Classification (2022)
Conference Proceeding
Bevan, P. J., & Atapour-Abarghouei, A. (2022). Detecting Melanoma Fairly: Skin Tone Detection and Debiasing for Skin Lesion Classification. In K. Kamnitsas, L. Koch, M. Islam, Z. Xu, J. Cardoso, Q. Doi, …S. Tsaftaris (Eds.), DART 2022: Domain Adaptation and Representation Transfer (1-11). https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-031-16852-9_1

Convolutional Neural Networks have demonstrated human-level performance in the classification of melanoma and other skin lesions, but evident performance disparities between differing skin tones should be addressed before widespread deployment. In th... Read More about Detecting Melanoma Fairly: Skin Tone Detection and Debiasing for Skin Lesion Classification.

“Just Drive”: Colour Bias Mitigation for Semantic Segmentation in the Context of Urban Driving (2021)
Conference Proceeding
Stelling, J., & Atapour-Abarghouei, A. (2021). “Just Drive”: Colour Bias Mitigation for Semantic Segmentation in the Context of Urban Driving. . https://doi.org/10.1109/bigdata52589.2021.9672033

Biases can filter into AI technology without our knowledge. Oftentimes, seminal deep learning networks champion increased accuracy above all else. In this paper, we attempt to alleviate biases encountered by semantic segmentation models in urban driv... Read More about “Just Drive”: Colour Bias Mitigation for Semantic Segmentation in the Context of Urban Driving.

Rank over Class: The Untapped Potential of Ranking in Natural Language Processing (2021)
Conference Proceeding
Atapour-Abarghouei, A., Bonner, S., & McGough, A. S. (2021). Rank over Class: The Untapped Potential of Ranking in Natural Language Processing. . https://doi.org/10.1109/bigdata52589.2021.9671386

Text classification has long been a staple within Natural Language Processing (NLP) with applications spanning across diverse areas such as sentiment analysis, recommender systems and spam detection. With such a powerful solution, it is often temptin... Read More about Rank over Class: The Untapped Potential of Ranking in Natural Language Processing.

Transforming Fake News: Robust Generalisable News Classification Using Transformers (2021)
Conference Proceeding
Blackledge, C., & Atapour-Abarghouei, A. (2021). Transforming Fake News: Robust Generalisable News Classification Using Transformers. . https://doi.org/10.1109/bigdata52589.2021.9671970

As online news has become increasingly popular and fake news increasingly prevalent, the ability to audit the veracity of online news content has become more important than ever. Such a task represents a binary classification challenge, for which tra... Read More about Transforming Fake News: Robust Generalisable News Classification Using Transformers.

Identification of Driver Phone Usage Violations via State-of-the-Art Object Detection with Tracking (2021)
Conference Proceeding
Carrell, S., & Atapour-Abarghouei, A. (2021). Identification of Driver Phone Usage Violations via State-of-the-Art Object Detection with Tracking. . https://doi.org/10.1109/bigdata52589.2021.9671378

The use of mobiles phones when driving has been a major factor when it comes to road traffic incidents and the process of capturing such violations can be a laborious task. Advancements in both modern object detection frameworks and high-performance... Read More about Identification of Driver Phone Usage Violations via State-of-the-Art Object Detection with Tracking.

On the Impact of Lossy Image and Video Compression on the Performance of Deep Convolutional Neural Network Architectures (2021)
Conference Proceeding
Poyser, M., Atapour-Abarghouei, A., & Breckon, T. (2021). On the Impact of Lossy Image and Video Compression on the Performance of Deep Convolutional Neural Network Architectures. . https://doi.org/10.1109/icpr48806.2021.9412455

Recent advances in generalized image understanding have seen a surge in the use of deep convolutional neural networks (CNN) across a broad range of image-based detection, classification and prediction tasks. Whilst the reported performance of these a... Read More about On the Impact of Lossy Image and Video Compression on the Performance of Deep Convolutional Neural Network Architectures.