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Calibration of cameras of the H.E.S.S. detector

Aharonian, F.; Akhperjanian, A.G.; Aye, K.-M.; Bazer-Bachi, A.R.; Beilicke, M.; Benbow, W.; Berge, D.; Berghaus, P.; Bernlöhr, K.; Bolz, O.; Boisson, C.; Borgmeier, C.; Breitling, F.; Brown, A.M.; Chadwick, P.M.; Chitnis, V.R.; Chounet, L.-M.; Cornils, R.; Costamante, L.; Degrange, B.; de Jager, O.C.; Djannati-Ataï, A.; Drury, L. O'C.; Ergin, T.; Espigat, P.; Feinstein, F.; Fleury, P.; Fontaine, G.; Funk, S.; Gallant, Y.A.; Giebels, B.; Gillessen, S.; Goret, P.; Guy, J.; Hadjichristidis, C.; Hauser, M.; Heinzelmann, G.; Henri, G.; Hermann, G.; Hinton, J.A.; Hofmann, W.; Holleran, M.; Horns, D.; Jung, I.; Khélifi, B.; Komin, N.; Konopelko, A.; Latham, I.J.; Le Gallou, R.; Lemoine, M.; Lemière, A.; Leroy, N.; Lohse, T.; Marcowith, A.; Masterson, C.; McComb, T.J.L.; de Naurois, M.; Nolan, S.J.; Noutsos, A.; Orford, K.J.; Osborne, J.L.; Ouchrif, M.; Panter, M.; Pelletier, G.; Pita, S.; Pohl, M.; Pühlhofer, G.; Punch, M.; Raubenheimer, B.C.; Raue, M.; Raux, J.; Rayner, S.M.; Redondo, I.; Re...

Authors

F. Aharonian

A.G. Akhperjanian

K.-M. Aye

A.R. Bazer-Bachi

M. Beilicke

W. Benbow

D. Berge

P. Berghaus

K. Bernlöhr

O. Bolz

C. Boisson

C. Borgmeier

F. Breitling

A.M. Brown

V.R. Chitnis

L.-M. Chounet

R. Cornils

L. Costamante

B. Degrange

O.C. de Jager

A. Djannati-Ataï

L. O'C. Drury

T. Ergin

P. Espigat

F. Feinstein

P. Fleury

G. Fontaine

S. Funk

Y.A. Gallant

B. Giebels

S. Gillessen

P. Goret

J. Guy

C. Hadjichristidis

M. Hauser

G. Heinzelmann

G. Henri

G. Hermann

J.A. Hinton

W. Hofmann

M. Holleran

D. Horns

I. Jung

B. Khélifi

N. Komin

A. Konopelko

I.J. Latham

R. Le Gallou

M. Lemoine

A. Lemière

N. Leroy

T. Lohse

A. Marcowith

C. Masterson

T.J.L. McComb

M. de Naurois

A. Noutsos

K.J. Orford

M. Ouchrif

M. Panter

G. Pelletier

S. Pita

M. Pohl

G. Pühlhofer

M. Punch

B.C. Raubenheimer

M. Raue

J. Raux

S.M. Rayner

I. Redondo

A. Reimer

O. Reimer

J. Ripken

M. Rivoal

L. Rob

L. Rolland

G. Rowell

V. Sahakian

L. Saugé

S. Schlenker

R. Schlickeiser

C. Schuster

U. Schwanke

M. Siewert

H. Sol

R. Steenkamp

C. Stegmann

J.-P. Tavernet

C.G. Théoret

M. Tluczykont

D.J. van der Walt

G. Vasileiadis

P. Vincent

B. Visser

H.J. Völk

S. Wagner



Abstract

H.E.S.S.—the high energy stereoscopic system—is a new system of large atmospheric Cherenkov telescopes for GeV/TeV astronomy. Each of the four telescopes of 107 m2 mirror area is equipped with a 960-pixel photomultiplier-tube camera. This paper describes the methods used to convert the photomultiplier signals into the quantities needed for Cherenkov image analysis. Two independent calibration techniques have been applied in parallel to provide an estimation of uncertainties. Results on the long-term stability of the H.E.S.S. cameras are also presented.

Citation

Aharonian, F., Akhperjanian, A., Aye, K., Bazer-Bachi, A., Beilicke, M., Benbow, W., …Wagner, S. (2004). Calibration of cameras of the H.E.S.S. detector. Astroparticle Physics, 22(2), 109-125. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.astropartphys.2004.06.006

Journal Article Type Article
Publication Date Nov 1, 2004
Deposit Date May 6, 2008
Publicly Available Date May 6, 2008
Journal Astroparticle Physics
Print ISSN 0927-6505
Publisher Elsevier
Peer Reviewed Peer Reviewed
Volume 22
Issue 2
Pages 109-125
DOI https://doi.org/10.1016/j.astropartphys.2004.06.006
Keywords Atmospheric Cherenkov telescopes, Optical-system, Performance.

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