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Variations and voids: the regulation of human cloning around the world

Pattinson, Shaun. D.; Caulfield, Timothy

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Timothy Caulfield


Background: No two countries have adopted identical regulatory measures on cloning. Understanding the complexity of these regulatory variations is essential. It highlights the challenges associated with the regulation of a controversial and rapidly evolving area of science and sheds light on a regulatory framework that can accommodate this reality. Methods: Using the most reliable information available, we have performed a survey of the regulatory position of thirty countries around the world regarding the creation and use of cloned embryos (see Table 1). We have relied on original and translated legislation, as well as published sources and personal communications. We have examined the regulation of both reproductive cloning (RC) and non-reproductive cloning (NRC). Results: While most of the countries studied have enacted national legislation, the absence of legislation in seven of these countries should not be equated with the absence of regulation. Senator Morin was not correct in stating that the majority of recent legislation bans both RC and NRC. Recent regulatory moves are united only with regard to the banning of RC. While NRC is not permitted in seventeen of the countries examined, it could be permitted in up to thirteen countries. Conclusions: There is little consensus on the various approaches to cloning laws and policies, and the regulatory position in many countries remains uncertain.


Pattinson, S. D., & Caulfield, T. (2004). Variations and voids: the regulation of human cloning around the world. BMC Medical Ethics, 5,

Journal Article Type Article
Publication Date Dec 12, 2004
Deposit Date Aug 26, 2015
Publicly Available Date Aug 26, 2015
Journal BMC Medical Ethics
Publisher BioMed Central
Peer Reviewed Peer Reviewed
Volume 5
Keywords Cloning, Legislation, Embryo Research.


Published Journal Article (268 Kb)

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Copyright Statement
© 2004 Pattinson and Caulfield; licensee BioMed Central Ltd. This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

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