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Putting the geology back into Earth models

McCaffrey, K.J.W.; Holdsworth, R.E.; Imber, J.; Clegg, P.; De Paola, N.; Jones, R.R.; Hobbs, R.; Holliman, N.; Trinks, I.

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J. Imber

P. Clegg

R. Hobbs

N. Holliman

I. Trinks


New digital methods for data capture can now provide photorealistic, spatially precise, and geometrically accurate three-dimensional (3-D) models of rocks exposed at the Earth's surface [Xu et al., 2000; Pringle et al., 2001; Clegg et al., 2005]. These “virtual outcrops” have the potential to create a new form of laboratory-based teaching aids for geoscience students, to help address accessibility issues in fieldwork, and generally to improve public awareness of the spectacular nature of geologic exposures from remote locations worldwide. This article addresses how virtual outcrops can provide calibration, or a quantitative “reality check,” for a new generation of high-resolution predictive models for the Earth's subsurface.


McCaffrey, K., Holdsworth, R., Imber, J., Clegg, P., De Paola, N., Jones, R., …Trinks, I. (2005). Putting the geology back into Earth models. Eos, Transactions American Geophysical Union, 86(46), 461-466.

Journal Article Type Article
Publication Date Nov 15, 2005
Deposit Date Aug 17, 2015
Publicly Available Date Aug 17, 2015
Journal Eos, Transactions American Geophysical Union
Print ISSN 0096-3941
Publisher Wiley
Peer Reviewed Peer Reviewed
Volume 86
Issue 46
Pages 461-466


Published Journal Article (4.9 Mb)

Copyright Statement
McCaffrey, K., Holdsworth, r., Imber, j., Clegg, P., De Paola, N., Jones, R., Hobbs, R., Holliman, N. and Trinks, I., (2005), Putting the geology back into Earth models, Eos, 86(46), 461-466, 10.1029/2005EO460001 (DOI). To view the published open abstract, go to and enter the DOI.

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