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The Body, Death, Mutilation, And Decay In Zacharias Werner.

Saul, Nicholas

Authors



Abstract

Here the attitude of the Romantic dramatist Zacharias Werner to death and the body is analysed for the first time. His model, Goethe, stands in the classicist tradition, whereby art celebrates life and the encounter with death and bodily destruction is consciously marginalised. Werner is shown to present versions of an ambiguous critique of this aspect of Goethean classicism in an early lyric from Die Söhne des Thals, his Roman journal, and the last act of Die Mutter der Makkabäer.In the early lyric the marginalisation of death is opposed by a deliberate eroticisation which ends in necrophilia. In the journal and Werner's last play the eroticisation is renounced, but the tendency to celebrate physical destruction as self-fulfilment still subverts his attempt to follow classical norms for the portrayal of violence and death. His poetic discourse is thus a hybrid of Classicism and black Romanticism. Finally, Foucault's reconstruction of the history of corporeal discipline and Ariè's history of death are applied to evaluate these aspects. Werner's texts are attempts to solve the modern problem of death, but they do so by means of regression to pre-modern attitudes and betray an affinity to sadism.

Citation

Saul, N. (1999). The Body, Death, Mutilation, And Decay In Zacharias Werner. German Life and Letters, 52(2), 255-270

Journal Article Type Article
Publication Date 1999-04
Journal German Life and Letters
Print ISSN 0016-8777
Publisher Wiley
Volume 52
Issue 2
Pages 255-270