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The LABOCA survey of the Extended Chandra Deep Field-South: clustering of submillimetre galaxies

Hickox, R.C.; Wardlow, J.L.; Smail, I.; Myers, A.D.; Alexander, D.M.; Swinbank, A.M.; Danielson, A.L.R.; Stott, J.P.; Chapman, S.C.; Coppin, K.E.K.; Dunlop, J.S.; Gawiser, E.; Lutz, D.; van der Werf, P.; Weiss, A.

The LABOCA survey of the Extended Chandra Deep Field-South: clustering of submillimetre galaxies Thumbnail


Authors

R.C. Hickox

J.L. Wardlow

A.D. Myers

A.M. Swinbank

A.L.R. Danielson

J.P. Stott

S.C. Chapman

K.E.K. Coppin

J.S. Dunlop

E. Gawiser

D. Lutz

P. van der Werf

A. Weiss



Abstract

We present a measurement of the spatial clustering of submillimetre galaxies (SMGs) at z= 1–3. Using data from the 870 μm Large APEX Bolometer Camera (LABOCA) submillimetre survey of the Extended Chandra Deep Field-South, we employ a novel technique to measure the cross-correlation between SMGs and galaxies, accounting for the full probability distributions for photometric redshifts of the galaxies. From the observed projected two-point cross-correlation function we derive the linear bias and characteristic dark matter halo masses for the SMGs. We detect clustering in the cross-correlation between SMGs and galaxies at the >4σ level. Accounting for the clustering of galaxies from their autocorrelation function, we estimate an autocorrelation length for SMGs of Graphic Mpc assuming a power-law slope γ= 1.8, and derive a corresponding dark matter halo mass of Graphic. Based on the evolution of dark matter haloes derived from simulations, we show that that the z= 0 descendants of SMGs are typically massive (∼2–3L*) elliptical galaxies residing in moderate- to high-mass groups (Graphic). From the observed clustering we estimate an SMG lifetime of ∼100 Myr, consistent with lifetimes derived from gas consumption times and star formation time-scales, although with considerable uncertainties. The clustering of SMGs at z∼ 2 is consistent with measurements for optically selected quasi-stellar objects (QSOs), supporting evolutionary scenarios in which powerful starbursts and QSOs occur in the same systems. Given that SMGs reside in haloes of characteristic mass ∼6 × 1012 h−1 M⊙, we demonstrate that the redshift distribution of SMGs can be described remarkably well by the combination of two effects: the cosmological growth of structure and the evolution of the molecular gas fraction in galaxies. We conclude that the powerful starbursts in SMGs likely represent a short-lived but universal phase in massive galaxy evolution, associated with the transition between cold gas-rich, star-forming galaxies and passively evolving systems.

Citation

Hickox, R., Wardlow, J., Smail, I., Myers, A., Alexander, D., Swinbank, A., …Weiss, A. (2012). The LABOCA survey of the Extended Chandra Deep Field-South: clustering of submillimetre galaxies. Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society, 421(1), 284-295. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1365-2966.2011.20303.x

Journal Article Type Article
Acceptance Date Nov 30, 2011
Online Publication Date Mar 21, 2012
Publication Date Mar 21, 2012
Deposit Date Jun 13, 2012
Publicly Available Date Apr 22, 2016
Journal Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society
Print ISSN 0035-8711
Electronic ISSN 1365-2966
Publisher Royal Astronomical Society
Peer Reviewed Peer Reviewed
Volume 421
Issue 1
Pages 284-295
DOI https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1365-2966.2011.20303.x
Public URL https://durham-repository.worktribe.com/output/1498706

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Copyright Statement
This article has been accepted for publication in Monthly notices of the Royal Astronomical Society ©: 2012 The Authors Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society © 2012 RAS Published by Oxford University Press on behalf of the Royal Astronomical Society. All rights reserved.






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