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Inter-group Entrainment in Afro-Brazilian Congado Ritual

Lucas, Glaura; Clayton, Martin; Leante, Laura

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Glaura Lucas


This paper investigates the phenomenon of entrainment between independent groups of musicians in the context of Afro-Brazilian Congado performance. Based on audiovisual recordings made during a festival in May 2006, we present analyses of four different occasions during which two different groups play different music in close proximity to each other. The results indicate the occurrence of (a) entrainment in phase, (b) entrainment out of phase, and (c) no entrainment. These results are discussed in the particular ethnographic context, as well as with reference to existing literature on entrainment and interpersonal coordination.


Lucas, G., Clayton, M., & Leante, L. (2011). Inter-group Entrainment in Afro-Brazilian Congado Ritual. Empirical Musicology Review, 6(2), 75-102

Journal Article Type Article
Publication Date Apr 1, 2011
Deposit Date Feb 8, 2012
Publicly Available Date Mar 9, 2012
Journal Empirical Musicology Review
Publisher The Ohio State University
Peer Reviewed Peer Reviewed
Volume 6
Issue 2
Pages 75-102
Keywords Entrainment, Congado, Ethnography, Afro-Brazilian music, Brazil.
Publisher URL


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