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Study protocol : a cluster randomised controlled trial of implementation intentions to reduce smoking initiation in adolescents

Conner, M.; Grogan, S.; Lawton, R.; Armitage, C.; West, R.; Siddiqi, K.; Gannon, B.; Torgerson, C.; Flett, K.; Simms-Ellis, R.

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Authors

M. Conner

S. Grogan

R. Lawton

C. Armitage

R. West

K. Siddiqi

B. Gannon

K. Flett

R. Simms-Ellis



Abstract

Background: The current literature suggests that forming implementation intentions (simple ‘if-then’ plans) about how to refuse the offer of a cigarette may be an effective intervention to reduce smoking initiation in adolescents. This study is a pragmatic trial to test the effectiveness and cost-effectiveness of such an intervention in reducing smoking initiation in a sample of UK adolescents. Methods/Design: A cluster randomised controlled trial with at least 36 schools randomised to receive an implementation intention intervention targeting reducing smoking initiation (intervention group) or increasing homework (control group). Interventions will be conducted at the classroom level and be repeated every six months for four years (eight interventions). Objectively assessed (carbon monoxide monitor) and self-reported smoking plus smoking related cognitions (e.g., smoking intentions, attitudes, norms and self-efficacy) will be assessed at baseline and 12, 24, 36 and 48 months post baseline. Objectively assessed smoking at 48 months post baseline will be the primary outcome variable. Health economic analyses will assess life years gained. Discussion: The results of the trial will provide information on the impact of a repeated implementation intention for refusing offers of cigarettes on rates of smoking initiation in adolescents.

Citation

Conner, M., Grogan, S., Lawton, R., Armitage, C., West, R., Siddiqi, K., …Simms-Ellis, R. (2013). Study protocol : a cluster randomised controlled trial of implementation intentions to reduce smoking initiation in adolescents. BMC Public Health, 13, Article 54. https://doi.org/10.1186/1471-2458-13-54

Journal Article Type Article
Publication Date Jan 1, 2013
Deposit Date May 30, 2013
Publicly Available Date Jul 19, 2013
Journal BMC Public Health
Publisher BioMed Central
Peer Reviewed Peer Reviewed
Volume 13
Article Number 54
DOI https://doi.org/10.1186/1471-2458-13-54

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Copyright Statement
© 2013 Conner et al.; licensee BioMed Central Ltd. <br /> <br /> This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/2.0), which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.





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