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Residual cooling and persistent star formation amid active galactic nucleus feedback in Abell 2597

Tremblay, G.R.; O'Dea, C.P.; Baum, S.A.; Clarke, T.E.; Sarazin, C.L.; Bregman, J.N.; Combes, F.; Donahue, M.; Edge, A.C.; Fabian, A.C.; Ferland, G.J.; McNamara, B.R.; Mittal, R.; Oonk, J.B.R.; Quillen, A.C.; Russell, H.R.; Sanders, J.S.; Salomé, P.; Voit, G.M.; Wilman, R.J.; Wise, M.W.

Residual cooling and persistent star formation amid active galactic nucleus feedback in Abell 2597 Thumbnail


G.R. Tremblay

C.P. O'Dea

S.A. Baum

T.E. Clarke

C.L. Sarazin

J.N. Bregman

F. Combes

M. Donahue

A.C. Fabian

G.J. Ferland

B.R. McNamara

R. Mittal

J.B.R. Oonk

A.C. Quillen

H.R. Russell

J.S. Sanders

P. Salomé

G.M. Voit

M.W. Wise


New Chandra X-ray and Herschel Far-Infrared (FIR) observations enable a multiwavelength study of active galactic nucleus (AGN) heating and intracluster medium (ICM) cooling in the brightest cluster galaxy (BCG) of Abell 2597 (z= 0.0821). The new Chandra observations reveal the central ≲30 kpc X-ray cavity network to be more extensive than previously thought, and associated with enough enthalpy to theoretically inhibit the inferred classical cooling flow. Nevertheless, we present new evidence, consistent with previous results, that a moderately strong residual cooling flow is persisting at 4–8 per cent of the classically predicted rates in a spatially structured manner amid the feedback-driven excavation of the X-ray cavity network. New Herschel observations are used to estimate warm and cold dust masses, a lower limit gas-to-dust ratio and a star formation rate consistent with previous measurements. [O i] and CO(2−1) line profiles are used to constrain the kinematics of the ∼109 M⊙ reservoir of cold molecular gas. The cooling time profile of the ambient X-ray atmosphere is used to map the locations of the observational star formation entropy threshold as well as the theoretical thermal instability threshold. Both lie just outside the ≲30-kpc central region permeated by X-ray cavities, and star formation as well as ionized and molecular gas lie interior to both. The young stars are distributed in an elongated region that is aligned with the radio lobes, and their estimated ages are both younger and older than the X-ray cavity network, suggesting both jet-triggered as well as persistent star formation over the current AGN feedback episode. Bright X-ray knots that are coincident with extended Lyα and far-ultraviolet continuum filaments motivate a discussion of structured cooling from the ambient hot atmosphere along a projected axis that is perpendicular to X-ray cavity and radio axis. We conclude that the cooling ICM is the dominant contributor of the cold gas reservoir fuelling star formation and AGN activity in the Abell 2597 BCG.


Tremblay, G., O'Dea, C., Baum, S., Clarke, T., Sarazin, C., Bregman, J., …Wise, M. (2012). Residual cooling and persistent star formation amid active galactic nucleus feedback in Abell 2597. Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society, 424(2), 1042-1060.

Journal Article Type Article
Publication Date Aug 1, 2012
Deposit Date Apr 8, 2013
Publicly Available Date Nov 26, 2013
Journal Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society
Print ISSN 0035-8711
Electronic ISSN 1365-2966
Publisher Royal Astronomical Society
Peer Reviewed Peer Reviewed
Volume 424
Issue 2
Pages 1042-1060
Keywords Galaxies, Active, Clusters, Abell 2597, Intracluster medium, Star formation.


Published Journal Article (13.5 Mb)

Copyright Statement
This article has been published in the Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society <br /> © 2012 The Authors.<br /> Published by Oxford University Press on behalf of The Royal Astronomical Society. All rights reserved.

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