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Whom do children copy? Model-based biases in learning

Wood, L.A.; Kendal, R.; Flynn, E.G.

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L.A. Wood

E.G. Flynn


This review investigates the presence of young children’s model-based cultural transmission biases in social learning, arguing that such biases are adaptive and flexible. Section 1 offers five propositions regarding the presence and direction of model-based transmission biases in young children’s copying of a model. Section 2 discusses the cognitive abilities required for differing model-based biases and tracks their development in early childhood. Section 3 suggests future areas of research including considering the social aspect of model-based biases and understanding their use within a comparative perspective.


Wood, L., Kendal, R., & Flynn, E. (2013). Whom do children copy? Model-based biases in learning. Developmental Review, 33(4), 341-356.

Journal Article Type Article
Publication Date Dec 1, 2013
Deposit Date Aug 27, 2013
Publicly Available Date Apr 27, 2016
Journal Developmental Review
Print ISSN 0273-2297
Publisher Elsevier
Peer Reviewed Peer Reviewed
Volume 33
Issue 4
Pages 341-356
Keywords Social learning, Model-based biases, Cultural transmission, Social cognition, Trust.


Accepted Journal Article (443 Kb)

Copyright Statement
NOTICE: this is the author’s version of a work that was accepted for publication in Developmental Review. Changes resulting from the publishing process, such as peer review, editing, corrections, structural formatting, and other quality control mechanisms may not be reflected in this document. Changes may have been made to this work since it was submitted for publication. A definitive version was subsequently published in Developmental Review, 33, 4, December 2013, 10.1016/j.dr.2013.08.002.

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