An investigation of cattle birth seasonality using δ13C and δ18O profiles within first molar enamel
Towers, J.; Gledhill, A.; Bond, J.; Montgomery, J.
Professor Janet Montgomery firstname.lastname@example.org
Cattle (Bos taurus) are biologically able to breed year-round, potentially giving farmers the freedom to choose a calving strategy to best meet their economic goals. Thus, an accurate method to determine cattle birth seasonality from archaeological remains would prove to be a valuable tool when investigating a prehistoric farming community. This paper presents the results of intra-tooth isotope ratio analysis (δ18O, δ13C) of first, second and third molars from 15 cattle. The principal outcome is a possible new approach to determining cattle birth seasonality utilizing both carbon and oxygen isotope ratio measurements of first molar enamel. Although this technique requires verification through more extensive testing, particularly of modern material, initial results suggest that it may produce more accurate predictions of birth seasonality than techniques based on intra-tooth δ18O measurements of second and third molars.
Towers, J., Gledhill, A., Bond, J., & Montgomery, J. (2014). An investigation of cattle birth seasonality using δ13C and δ18O profiles within first molar enamel. Archaeometry, 56(S1), 208-236. https://doi.org/10.1111/arcm.12055
|Journal Article Type||Article|
|Publication Date||Jul 28, 2014|
|Deposit Date||Jan 15, 2014|
|Publicly Available Date||Jan 22, 2014|
|Peer Reviewed||Peer Reviewed|
|Keywords||Tooth enamel, Molar formation, Cattle, Birth seasonality, Oxygen, Carbon, Isotope, Ratio analysis.|
Accepted Journal Article
This is the peer reviewed version of the following article: Towers, J., Gledhill, A., Bond, J. and Montgomery, J. (2014), An Investigation of Cattle Birth Seasonality using δ13C and δ18O Profiles within First Molar Enamel. Archaeometry, 56: 208-236, which has been published in final form at http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/arcm.12055. This article may be used for non-commercial purposes in accordance With Wiley Terms and Conditions for self-archiving.
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