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Towards a 'welfare + rights' model in youth justice

Smith, Roger

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There have been a number of attempts to elaborate 'models' and typologies of youth justice, which are, in turn, associated with particular jurisdictions and youth justice 'systems'. Whilst analyses of this type represent attempts to differentiate according to specific criteria, such as their implicit understanding of the causes of young people's behaviour, it is also a matter of debate as to whether these tend to overstate differences at the expense of commonalities and pressures towards convergence. Despite the unresolved nature of these arguments, the article nonetheless utilises the framework offered by the notion of a 'model' of youth justice to develop an alternative conceptualisation, bringing together, rather than opposing, principles of 'welfare' and 'rights', in order to argue for a progressive and clearly distinctive approach to intervention with young people whose behaviour is seen as problematic, and who are potentially criminalised.


Smith, R. (2014). Towards a 'welfare + rights' model in youth justice. Critical and Radical Social Work, 2(3), 287-303.

Journal Article Type Article
Online Publication Date Nov 1, 2014
Publication Date Nov 1, 2014
Deposit Date Oct 14, 2014
Publicly Available Date Oct 14, 2014
Journal Critical and Radical Social Work
Print ISSN 2049-8608
Electronic ISSN 2049-8675
Publisher Bristol University Press
Peer Reviewed Peer Reviewed
Volume 2
Issue 3
Pages 287-303
Keywords Models of youth justice, Rights, Welfare, Youth justice.


Accepted Journal Article (456 Kb)

Copyright Statement
This is a post-peer-review pre-copy edited version of an article published in Critical and Radical Social Work. The definitive publisher-authenticated version Smith, Roger (2014) 'Towards a 'welfare + rights' model in youth justice.', Critical and radical social work, 2 (3): 287-303. is available online at:

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