Development of allocentric spatial recall from new viewpoints in virtual reality
Negen, J.; Heywood-Everett, E.; Roome, H.E.; Nardini, M.
Professor Marko Nardini email@example.com
Using landmarks and other scene features to recall locations from new viewpoints is a critical skill in spatial cognition. In an immersive virtual reality task, we asked children 3.5–4.5 years old to remember the location of a target using various cues. On some trials they could use information from their own self-motion. On some trials they could use a view match. In the very hardest kind of trial, they were ‘teleported’ to a new viewpoint and could only use an allocentric spatial representation. This approach provides a strict test for allocentric coding (without either a matching viewpoint or self-motion information) while avoiding additional task demands in previous studies (it does not require them to deal with a small table-top environment or to manage stronger cue conflicts). Both the younger and older groups were able to point back at the target location better than chance when they could use view matching and/or self-motion, but allocentric recall was only seen in the older group (4.0–4.5). In addition, we only obtained evidence for a specific kind of allocentric recall in the older group: they tracked one major axis of the space significantly above chance, r(158) = .28, but not the other, r(158) = −.01. We conclude that there is a major qualitative change in coding for spatial recall around the fourth birthday, potentially followed by further development towards fully flexible recall from new viewpoints.
Negen, J., Heywood-Everett, E., Roome, H., & Nardini, M. (2018). Development of allocentric spatial recall from new viewpoints in virtual reality. Developmental Science, 21(1), Article e12496. https://doi.org/10.1111/desc.12496
|Journal Article Type||Article|
|Acceptance Date||Jul 22, 2016|
|Online Publication Date||Mar 2, 2017|
|Deposit Date||Jul 25, 2016|
|Publicly Available Date||Mar 2, 2018|
|Peer Reviewed||Peer Reviewed|
Accepted Journal Article
This is the accepted version of the following article: Negen, J., Heywood-Everett, E., Roome, H.E. & Nardini, M. (2017). Development of allocentric spatial recall from new viewpoints in virtual reality. Developmental Science, which has been published in final form at https://doi.org/10.1111/desc.12496. This article may be used for non-commercial purposes in accordance With Wiley Terms and Conditions for self-archiving.
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